Describing Clothes in Spanish: Style, Size and Patterns

In the previous lesson, we learned several words for clothing items, showed you how to make simple sentences with them and how to ask prices in Spanish as well. In this lesson, we will learn some important adjectives to describe clothes in Spanish including those for general appearance, size, fabric patters and styles. We hope you find the lesson very useful. Let’s start…

Vocabulary review: Common clothing items in Spanish

Most of the words covered in this lesson are Spanish adjective. However, before moving on the new stuff ,we will ask you to take a few seconds to look at the image below, which includes a list of common clothing items in Spanish, “prendas de vestir”, and think about their color, style (estilo), fabric pattern (tipo de tela) and general look (bonita, fea…).

A list of common clothing items in Spanish
La ropa en español

Describing clothes in Spanish: styles, sizes and fabric patterns

Common adjectives to describe clothes in Spanish

First, let’s discuss some of the vocabulary. Some common adjectives to describe clothes in Spanish are: BONITO (beautiful), FEO (ugly), VIEJO (old), NUEVO (new) and BRILLANTE (shiny). Using colors to describe clothes is very important too, so knowing a least some of them will be really helpful. As usual, we will be using the verb SER and LUCIR (looks) as the main verbs in descriptions. Listen to the first group of sentences describing clothes in Spanish below:

Ayer fui a la tienda y compré una blusa celeste muy bonita.
Yesterday I went to the store and bought a very nice, sky-blue blouse
La camisa que estoy usando es muy fea.
The shirt that I am wearing is very ugly.
Estos zapatos son muy viejos. Necesito un par nuevo.
These shoes are very old. I need a new pair.

Adjectives to describe clothing styles in Spanish

Now, we will focus on adjectives that not only describe the general look of things, but can be used to describe specific clothing styles in Spanish. They are words like MODERNO (modern), CASUAL, A LA MODA (fashionable), PASADO DE MODA (old-fashioned) and CLASICO (classic). For these adjectives you can use the verb LUCIR in its form LUCE and LUCEN depending on how many items you want to talk about.

When talking about clothing styles in Spanish, you can ask either “¿Qué estilo de ropa te gusta más?” or “¿Qué estilo de ropa es tu favorito?“. Know that you can also point out a specific clothing item style by adding an adjective after the noun, for example: “ropa clásica”, “vestido oriental”. In addition, make your sentences more interesting with verbs like “Usar”(to wear) and “Vestirse” (reflexive verb) as in these two examples: “Ella usa ropa casual” and “Yo me visto con ropa clásica algunas veces”. Listen to some examples below and check how different sentence structures are used with clothing items and adjectives for more intermediate descriptions.

Moderno – ¿Qué estilo de ropa es ese? –  Es ropa moderna.
Modern – What clothing style is that one? – Those are modern clothes
Clásico – Ella usa ropa clásica
Classic – She wears classic clothes
Casual – Su forma de vestir es casual.
Casual – The way she dresses is casual
Pasado de moda – Esta ropa está pasada de moda
Old fashioned – These clothes are old fashioned
A la moda/ de moda – Leslie siempre se viste a la moda.
Fashionable – Leslie always dresses fashionable

Adjectives to talk about the size of clothes in Spanish

In order to talk about the size of clothes in Spanish, “la talla de la ropa”, we will use the words PEQUEÑA (small), MEDIANA (medium) and GRANDE (large). Clothing items often have the tags “S”, “M” or “L” attached, which come from the English language, but still people will understand if you say “Quiero una camisa de talla S” (I want a size S shirt). By the way, you can also use the adjectives “Extra pequeño” and “Extra grande” for some special sizes. You can listen to more sentences describing clothes in Spanish below:

Talla pequeña: ¿Qué talla está buscando? – Una talla pequeña
Small size – What size are you looking for? – A small size
Talla mediana – José usa ropa de talla mediana
Medium size – Jose wears medium size clothes
Talla grande – Roberto compra ropa de talla grande a veces
Large size – Roberto buys large size clothes sometimes

Adjectives to describe fabric patterns in Spanish

The last group of examples will include a few adjectives that are commonly used to describe fabric patterns in Spanish, “diseños/patrones de tela”. They are words such as: DE PUNTOS (dotted), SENCILLO (plain), RAYADO (striped), A CUADROS (plaid) and others. Listen to the last group of examples below.

Rayado / de rayas – Yo tengo varias camisas rayadas.
Striped – I have many striped shirts
Floreado – Su vestido floreado es muy hermoso y elegante
Flowered – Her flowered dress is nice and elegant
Sencillo – Yo prefiero la ropa sencilla
Plain – I prefer plain clothes
De puntos – A mí me gustan los vestidos de puntos.
Dotted – I like dotted dresses

You can see this vocabulary in use in simple conversations in our next lesson about shopping for clothes and saying what you are wearing. Thanks for joining us in this lesson! ¡Hasta pronto!

Lesson quiz: Describing clothes - Describiendo ropa

This short quiz will help you know if you understand how to use the adjectives we presented in the lesson to describe clothes in Spanish. It is very easy to solve. ¡Buena suerte!


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