Describing your Bedroom in Spanish – La Habitación

Describing your room in Spanish will be easy to do if you know how to use a few common adjectives and  the verb SER . In this lesson, we will introduce the vocabulary for common bedroom objects, as well as how to use colors and other adjectives to describe your bedroom in Spanish. We have included a lot of examples, some of them using two basic grammar topics we have not studied before: adverbs of quantity and negative sentences. Comencemos…

Vocabulary introduction: A list of common bedroom objects in Spanish

First of all, there are several ways to say bedroom, being HABITACIÓN and CUARTO the most common ones in the language. In order to describe your room in Spanish, we need to learn the vocabulary for bedroom objects first. Below, you can see some pictures of things in a room with numbers showing how to say each bedroom object in Spanish. Please try to remember some of these words as we will be using them a lot in the rest of the lesson.

Common bedroom objects to describe a room in Spanish
Las cosas de la habitación

Using Bedroom Objects in Spanish in Negative Sentences

There are some important grammar points to keep in mind before learning to describe your room in Spanish. Let’s start with negative sentences. Negative sentences in Spanish are called ORACIONES NEGATIVAS and they are formed by adding the word “NO” before the verb like this:

Subject + NO + verb + complement. e.g. Ella no va a la escuela.

The subject is optional most of the time, so it is possible to leave it out. Negation in questions is very similar to the way it works for sentences, although you need to be careful with question marks and give the right intonation to the question. Know that it’s more common to ask negative questions in Spanish than it is in English, e.g. ¿No tienes un ropero? (Don’t you have a closet?)

Examples of negative questions in Spanish

¿No tienes un espejo en tu cuarto?
Don´t you have a mirror in your bedroom?
¿No crees que ese guardarropa es demasiado grande?
Don´t you think that closet it too big?

Describing your room in Spanish with adverbs of quantity

Now, we will talk about adverbs of quantity in Spanish or “adverbios de cantidad/grado”. In our lesson about the living room, we explained how to use adverbs such as MUCHA, POCA and others in sentences like “Hay mucha agua”. Adverbs of quantity in Spanish will be used to increase or decrease the grade of an adjective in a sentence. These adverbs are words like: MUY (very), UN POCO (a little), BASTANTE (quite), REALMENTE (really), TOTALMENTE (totally) and PARCIALMENTE (partially).

Imagine we want to say something like “This pillow is really comfortable” in Spanish. To do so, we can say “Esta almohada es realmente cómoda” with words like REALMENTE or MUY to increase the value of the adjective CÓMODA. There are many adverbs of quantity, but the ones we mentioned before are normally used in everyday conversations. Try not to confuse MUCHO with MUY in Spanish. The adverb MUY will be used before adjectives like BONITA (pretty) and MUCHO will be used before nouns like ORO (gold).

Below, there are some examples of sentences with bedroom objects and adverbs of quantity, as well as things we have discussed in other lessons such as demonstrative adjectives in Spanish (ESE/ESTE/ESTOS/AQUELLA…) and also a few important, irregular verbs in Spanish: TENER, SER, ESTAR and IR. TENER will be used to say what objects you have in your room in Spanish, ESTAR to say where an item is located or how the room looks in a given moment, SER for general descriptions and IR as an auxiliary for the future in Spanish. Click on PLAY to listen to the examples.

Examples of sentences with bedroom objects in Spanish

Su habitación está totalmente desordenada.
His room is totally messy.
¿Tienes un nuevo gavetero?
Do you have a new drawer chest?
¿De quién es esta cama?
Whose is this bed?
¿Qué opinas de la cabecera de la cama?
What do you think of the headboard?
Este edredón es relativamente barato.
This quilt is relatively cheap
¡Vaya! Esta almohada es realmente cómoda.
Wow! This pillow is really comfortable
Aquella lámpara de noche es muy frágil.
That night lamp is very fragile.
La mesa de noche del cuarto es un poco baja
The night table in the room is a little short.
Esta cobija está algo sucia
This blanket is a little dirty
Voy a dormir como rey con este colchón.
I am going to sleep like a king with this mattress

Describing your bedroom in Spanish and its objects

Now that we know how to say a few common bedroom objects in Spanish, it is time to use them for describing your bedroom in Spanish. First, you should use a few adjectives in Spanish like BONITO, CÓMODO, ESPACIOSO, PEQUEÑO, GRANDE, VENTILADO, MODERNO, LUJOSO…” and so on. In order to make sentences with those adjectives, we will use SER in its form ES and the verb TENER in its form TIENE.

You could also use some of the vocabulary we have covered in other lessons, for example: parts of the house(ventana, puerta, baño…), some colors and preposition of place in to indicate the location of the bedroom objects in Spanish. Here are two audio examples describing a bedroom in Spanish using the vocabulary for bedroom objects, as well as the negation and Spanish adverbs of quantity:

Example No. 1 – Describing my room in Spanish

Mi habitación es grande. Tiene una ventana hacia el patio de la casa. Las paredes son de color verde, mi color favorito. Hay suficiente ventilación y tengo muchas cosas en el cuarto. Tengo una cama un poco grande y varias almohadas suaves. La cama no tiene cabecera. Hay una mesa de noche junto a la cama, y sobre la mesa de noche hay una lámpara roja. También tengo un guardarropa y hay un baño dentro de la habitación.

Read English translation
My bedroom is big. It has a window into the backyard. The walls are green, my favorite color. There is enough ventilation and I have many things in the room. I have a rather large bed and several soft pillows. The bed has no headboard. There is a nightstand next to the bed and there is red lamp on the nightstand. I also have a wardrobe and there is a bathroom inside the room.

Example No. 2

Mi habitación es pequeña, pero bastante moderna. Mi cama es cómoda y tiene una cabecera elegante. El colchón de la cama es realmente suave y duermo como rey. Es un cuarto sin ventanas, pero es bastante fresco. Las paredes son de color blanco con detalles en gris y verde claro. Tengo un gavetero y hay varias fotografías colgadas en la pared. No tengo baño en el cuarto.

Read English translation
My room is small but quite modern. My bed is very comfortable and has a stylish headboard. The mattress of the bed is really soft, so I sleep like a king. It is a windowless room, but it’s pretty cool. The walls are white with gray and light green. I have a drawer chest and there are several pictures posted on the wall. There is no bathroom in the room.

Listening Activity: Describing a room in Spanish

Listen to two friends describing a room in Spanish and the objects in it. Take notes of the things you consider important in the conversation and pay attention to the way adverbs of quantity and negative sentences are used in the conversation. Click Play to listen to the conversation.

Key expressions in the conversation:

  • ¿Por qué (tú) no….? means “Why don´t you…?”
  • No te preocupes means “Don´t worry”
Conversation script: Describing a room in Spanish
Alex: Hey Mercedes… uhmm ¿por qué no me ayudas a limpiar mi habitación?
Mercedes: Fíjate que estoy muy ocupada en este momento.
Alex: ¿De veras? Yo creo que no quieres ayudarme más bien.
Mercedes: Tú eres muy desordenado. No arreglas tu cama, tu almohada está en el piso, ni siquiera tienes ropa limpia en el gavetero o en el closet.
Alex: ja ja. Sí, tienes toda la razón. Creo que necesito una empleada para que haga esas cosas.
Mercedes: Y vaya que tiene que ser una empleada bastante buena.
Alex: Quizás pueda cambiar un poco, ¿no crees? Además, este cuarto es pequeño y tengo demasiadas cosas… No tiene ventanas y es caliente aquí dentro.
Mercedes: Tienes razón. Mi habitación es diferente. Es grande y si tiene una ventana hacia el patio de la casa. Las paredes son de color celeste y todas las cosas están en su lugar. Tengo una cama un poco grande y varias almohadas suaves. También tengo un guardarropa y hay un baño dentro de la habitación.
Alex: Vaya, parece que tienes una habitación muy lujosa y moderna
Mercedes: No es para tanto… pero es una habitación bonita

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