Common Spanish Irregular Verbs: List and Sentences

Hello and welcome to a new lesson. Previously, we learned a bit about verbs in the present indicative, specifically about regular verbs. This time we will learn about irregular verbs in Spanish, a type of verb in the language that does not follow the conjugation rules that apply to regular verbs.

Irregular verbs are very common and that is why we will learn to conjugate a list of irregular verbs in Spanish in the present indicative and, more importantly, how to use these verbs to form sentences and be able to talk about different topics. We have included many examples, basic explanations and other resources that will surely allow you to learn a thing or two about this topic.

What are Spanish irregular verbs? – Los verbos irregulares

Spanish irregular verbs, los verbos irregulares, are a special type of verbs that do not follow conjugation rules like regular verbs do. For a typical regular verb like “ESTUDIAR”, we know that the conjugations or forms for each pronoun are predictable based on the rules for “-AR” ending verbs, so we could say “Yo estudio“, “Tú estudias” and so on. On the contrary, the Spanish irregular verb SER, for instance, will be conjugated as SOY for the subject pronoun YO, very differently to its original form.

Irregular verbs are really common in the language, so to use them we must memorize their conjugations. Some of them will change their form for a few pronouns, but not for others, but most of the time they have an unpredictable behavior. Here is a video explaining more about irregular verbs in Spanish and giving some specific examples.

Conjugating ESTAR (to be) in the present tense

ESTAR is a pretty common irregular verb and it is actually one of the first ones you should add to your list of Spanish irregular verbs. ESTAR is one of the forms of “the verb to be” and it is particularly useful to talk about states, feelings and emotions, actions in progress and to indicate the location of objects. If ESTAR were regular, then for the pronoun YO, we would say [EST + O], but it is irregular, so it will actually be conjugated as ESTOY as in “Yo estoy“. The chart below shows the conjugations for the Spanish irregular verb ESTAR as well as some sentences in the present tense in Spanish with this verb. Pay attention to the correct pronunciation of the verb. Please check the related lesson to learn more about this verb.

Sentences with the conjugations of ESTAR
Yo estoy enojado
I am angry
Tú estás/Vos estás ocupada todo el tiempo
You are busy all the time
Él/Usted/ Ella – Ella está haciendo su tarea
He/you/She is doing her homework
Nosotros estamos felices de estar aquí
We are happy to be here.
¿Vosotros estáis enfermos?
Are you sick?
Ellos, Ustedes – ¿Ustedes están tomando clases de español?
Are you taking Spanish classes?

Conjugating SER (to be) in the present tense

SER is the second form of the verb to be and it is also one of the most common Spanish irregular verbs. Unlike ESTAR, SER is used to describe things like rooms and parts of the house, to describe people, to talk about time, nationalities and many other things. SER will change completely for some pronouns. The chart below shows how to conjugate the irregular verb SER and make present tense sentences in Spanish for all pronouns.

Sentences with the conjugations of SER
Yo soy tu hermano
I am your brother
Tú eres muy inteligente
You are very smart
Vos sos mi mejor amigo
You are my best friend
Él, Ella, Usted – Usted es mi maestro favorito.
You are mi favorite teacher
Nosotros somos de Japón
We are from Japan
Vosotros sois tan talentosos.
You are so talented
Ustedes/Ellos – ¿Ellos son tus amigos?
Are they your friends?

Conjugating IR (to go) in the present tense

IR (to go) is another common verb you should really know how to use. It can be used in simple sentences in the present tense in Spanish or as an auxiliary for the future tense, especially for making future plans just like the structure “going to” in English. As you may suspect, the verb IR like other Spanish irregular verbs, will change totally when conjugated for all the pronouns. The chart below shows how to conjugate IR.

Sentences with the conjugations of IR (to go)
(Yo) voy a la casa de mis padres casa fin de semana
I go to my parent’s house every weekend
vas al cine cada jueves
You go to the movies every Thursday

Ella, Él, Usted – Él va a terminar eso mañana.

He is going to finish that tomorrow
Nosotros vamos a la playa en verano
We go to the beach in summer
¿Vosotros váis ahí a menudo?
Do you go there often?
Ellos/Ustedes – Ellos van a jugar hoy.
They are going to play today

A list of common Spanish irregular verbs in the present tense

There are many other  Spanish irregular verbs apart from SER, ESTAR and IR. You can check a few other in this lesson by Linguasorb. We would like to focus more on providing examples of sentences using Spanish irregular verbs for you to see that they are important in everyday conversations and that there is no way to master the language without spending time on them.  We will be covering some of these verbs with more details and activities in other lessons. For now, here is a short list of common Spanish irregular verbs, “verbos irregulares”. Click on play to listen to the conjugations.

A list of Spanish irregular verbs and their conjugations
Tener – Yo tengo, tú tienes, él tiene, nosotros tenemos, vosotros tenéis, ellos tienen
To have – I have, you have, he has, we have, you have, they have
Dar – Yo doy, tú das, él/ella da, nosotros damos, vosotros dais, ellos/ustedes dan
To give – I give, you give, he/she gives, we give, you give, they/you give
Hacer – Yo hago, tú haces, él hace, nosotros hacemos, vosotros hacéis, ellos hacen
To do – I do, you do, he does, we do, you do, they do
Caer – Yo caigo, tú caes, él cae, nosotros caemos, vosotros caéis, ellos caen
To fall – I fall, you fall, he falls, we fall, you fall, they fall
Salir – Yo salgo, tú sales, ella sale, nosotros salimos, vosotros salís, ellos salen
To go out – I go out, you go out, she goes out, we go out, you go out, they go out
Saber – Yo sé, tú sabes, él sabe, nosotros sabemos, vosotros sabéis, ellos/ustedes salen
To know – I know, you know, he knows, we know, you know, they know
Ver – Yo veo, tú ves, él ve, nosotros vemos, ustedes, ellos ven
To see – I see, you see, he sees, we see, you see, they see

More examples of sentences using Spanish irregular verbs:

1. Ellos hacen sus tareas solos. (They do their homework by themselves)
2. Yo tengo 2 hijos y ellos tienen tres (I have 2 children and they have 3)
3. Yo se que tú tienes la razón. (I know you’ve got the reason)

Ejercicio de gramática: Los verbos irregulares en español

Esta prueba interactiva incluye algunos ejercicios sobre los verbos irregulares en español en el presente. Puedes revisar las explicaciones que hemos incluido en la lección de nuevo en caso de ser necesario. ¡Buena suerte!

Related Spanish Worksheets:


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