Spanish possessive pronouns are words used to talk about the things that belong to us or to other people. They are very useful in daily conversations in the language and very easy to use as well. This lesson will introduce a list of these pronouns and more importantly, you will read and listen to sentences with possessive pronouns in Spanish. By the end of the lesson, we hope that you can talk about your possessions in the language. Let’s start…
What are possessive pronouns in Spanish?
Spanish possessive pronouns or LOS PRONOMBRES POSESIVOS are words like “Tuyo” (yours) and “mío” (mine) that are used to talk about the things we own. Each possessive pronoun is linked to a subject pronoun in a certain way, for example: Yo – Mío, Tú – Tuyo and so on.
The difference between possessive pronouns and possessive adjectives
Possessive adjectives will always be placed before the noun they modify, just like this: “Mi amigo“. On the other hand, Spanish possessive pronouns will be placed after the main verb in the sentence, as in “El carro es mío” (The car is mine) and “El perro es suyo” (The dog is yours). Here, both MÍO and SUYO are possessive pronouns and are placed after the irregular verb SER. Another difference is that possessive pronouns are often used after definite articles (El mío/La nuestra…) as a reference to an object or person that was mentioned before, e.g. “Su esposo es guapo. El mío también.” (Her husband is handsome. Mine too)
Gender and number of possessive pronouns
Spanish possessive pronouns are also affected by the rules of grammatical number (plural and singular) and noun gender, which is why their form must agree in plural/singular form as well as masculine/singular form with the noun they refer to. For instance, in the example “El carro es mío“, CARRO is a masculine, singular noun, so we need a pronoun with the same features, that is MÍO (mine), SUYO (your) and so on. On the other hand, if we were talking about several cars, then MÍOS or SUYOS should be used as in “Los carros son míos“. Consequently, we would use MÍA for a singular, feminine noun like CASA (house) as in “La casa es mía”, and following the same pattern MÍAS would be used for several houses as in “Las casas son mías”.
A chart for possessive pronouns in Spanish
The chart below will help you decide which Spanish possessive pronoun to use for the things you need to refer to. For a feminine, plural noun like “rosas”, you could use the pronouns in the last column, to make sentences like this one: “Las rosas son tuyas” (The roses are yours).
*M = Masculine / F = Feminine
Using Spanish possessive pronouns in sentences
Spanish possessive pronouns are normally used after the irregular verb SER and sometimes directly after definite articles (el, la, los). An easy way to remember these pronouns is by memorizing the ones in singular, masculine form in the chart above, such as MÍO, TUYO and so on. After that, you just need to add -S or change the ending to -A to make the pronoun feminine. Here are some sentences with this basic change in sentences:
- El perro es mío.
- Los perros son míos.
- La perra es mía.
- Las perras son mías.
Sentences using possessive pronouns in Spanish
It is time to read and listen to more examples of sentences with Spanish possessive pronouns, following the rules explained above. Once you check the examples, make sure to practice with the grammar quiz at the end of the lesson.
Este carro es mío y ese es tuyo..
This car is mine and that one is yours.
Estas cartas son mías y esas son tuyas.
These cards are mine and those are yours.
La biblia es mía y las películas son tuyas.
The bible is mine and the movies are yours.
¿El gato es tuyo o suyo?
Is the cat yours or theirs?
¿Las uvas son tuyas o suyas?
Are the grapes yours or theirs?
Este es mi carro y ese es el suyo.
This is my car and that is his.
Mi casa tiene un jardín hermoso. ¿Y la suya?
My house has a beautiful garden. What about yours?
Disculpe señor, ¿estos lapiceros son suyos?
Excuse me Sir, Are these pencils yours?
Me gustan tus ideas. ¿Te gustan las nuestras?
I like your ideas. Do you like ours?
Niños, estos regalos son vuestros. (only in Spain)
Kids, these gifts are yours