Spanish Phrases and Questions for Basic Conversations

Generally speaking, basic conversations in Spanish usually include greetings or “saludos”, introductions and some vocabulary like numbers, countries and more. All these topics have been covered in previous lessons and we will see them in use in this lesson. You will see some of these common Spanish phrases in simple sentences and short conversations. Let’s start…

Basic Spanish phrases and questions for basic conversations
Frases en español

Introductory video: Basic Spanish phrases and questions for beginners

First, let’s watch a short video showing some common Spanish phrases and questions that we will be using throughout the rest of the lesson such as ¿DÓNDE VIVES? (Where do you live?) and ¿DE DÓNDE ERES? (Where are you from?). This is a summary of the vocabulary we consider important to hold basic Spanish conversations. Do not worry if you cannot remember them all as we will see them again later. Also, remember to activate the subtitles (cc) if you need them.

Audio Examples: A list of Basic Spanish expressions and questions

There are lots of phrases and questions in the language, but some are way more common than others and those are the ones we will learn next. Some of these Spanish phrases can be used to welcome others like “Bienvenido“, whereas others can be used to ask for favors like “Por favor” or thank people like “Gracias“. In real life interactions, you can modify the expressions  and questions in the list by replacing the subject pronoun to make them more formal or informal when needed .

Listen to the phrases and questions in the list and pay attention to their pronunciation and structure as we will be using them later in basic conversations in Spanish.

Bienvenido a mi nueva casa
Welcome to my new house
¿Dónde vives (tú)? – (Yo) vivo en California
Where do you live? – I live in California
¿Cuántos años tienes (tú)? – (Yo) tengo 24 años, ¿y tú?
How old are you? – I am 24 years old, and you?
¿Dónde naciste (tú)? – (Yo) nací en Texas
Where were you born? – I was born in Texas
¿De dónde eres (tú)? – (Yo) soy de Nicaragua
Where are you from? – I am from Nicaragua
¿(Usted) es casado o soltero? – (Yo) soy soltero
Are you married or single? – I am single
¿(Usted) tiene hijos? – Sí/No
¿A qué te dedicas? – Soy doctor
What do you do? – I am a doctor
¿Cuál es tu color favorito? – El azul
¿Te gusta el fútbol? – Si me gusta
Do you like football? – Yes, I do
Gracias por venir hoy – Gracias a ti.
Thanks for coming today – Thank you!

Some examples of basic conversations in Spanish

There are many other expressions to learn, but the ones above are among the most common Spanish phrases and questions beginners should know. You will realize that when you meet someone for the first time, people will often use these expressions as conversation starters. That being said, let’s move on to the application part of this topic by reading and listening to some basic conversations in Spanish using the vocabulary we have covered, plus a few interesting things you will have to figure out yourself. We have included the original Spanish conversation script with English translation so you can follow the audio more easily.

Conversation No. 1

  • Alí: ¡Buenos días! Vengo a la entrevista de trabajo…
  • Heidi: Si claro, siéntese por favor
  • Alí: Gracias
  • Heidi: Bien ¿Cúal es su nombre?
  • Alí: Me llamo Alí Mendez
  • Heidi: ¿Dónde vive usted?
  • Alí: Vivo en la ciudad de San Diego
  • Heidi: ¿A qué se dedica?
  • Alí: Soy doctor. Trabajo medio tiempo en una clínica
  • Heidi: Bien, deme una copia de su hoja de vida y la revisaremos. Gracias por venir.
  • Alí: Gracias a usted.
Read English translation
Ali: Good morning! I come for the job interview …
Heidi: Yes of course, please sit down
Ali: Thanks
Heidi: Well, what is your name?
Ali: My name is Ali Mendez
Heidi: Where do you live?
Ali: I live in the city of San Diego
Heidi: What do you do?
Ali: I’m a doctor. I am working part-time in a clinic
Heidi: Okay, please give me a copy of your resume and we will review it. Thanks for coming.
Ali: Thank you.

Conversation No. 2

  • Alí: ¡Hola Heidi! Entra por favor. Bienvenida a mi nueva casa
  • Heidi: ¡Gracias Alí! ¿Cómo estás?
  • Alí: Muy bien, gracias. Es una sorpresa verte. ¿Dónde vives ahora?
  • Heidi: Vivo en Los Ángeles.
  • Alí: Entiendo, pero ¿dónde naciste?
  • Heidi: Nací en Miami, pero me mudé a Los Ángeles hace 3 años…
Read English translation
Ali: Hi Heidi! Please come in. Welcome to my new home
Heidi: Thank you, Ali! How are you?
Ali: Very well, thank you. I am surprised to see you. Where do you live now?
Heidi: I live in Los Angeles.
Ali: I see. By the way, where were you born?
Heidi: I was born in Miami, but I moved to Los Angeles three years ago…

Conversation No. 3

  • Alí: ¡Hola! Es una fila larga ¿verdad?
  • Heidi: Si, ya estoy cansada… ¿Cómo te llamas?
  • Alí: Soy Alí. Mucho gusto.
  • Heidi: Mi nombre es Heidi. ¿De dónde eres?
  • Alí: Soy de México, pero vivo aquí en los Estados Unidos
  • Heidi: Entiendo. Yo soy de Honduras. ¿Eres casado o soltero?
  • Alí: Estoy casado. Tengo dos hijos: un niño y una niña. ¿y tú?
  • Heidi: Yo soy soltera
Read English translation
Ali: Hi! It is a long line, right?
Heidi: Yeah, I’m tired … What’s your name?
Ali: I’m Ali. Nice to meet you.
Heidi: My name is Heidi. Where are you from?
Ali: I’m from Mexico, but I live here in the United States
Heidi: I see. I’m from Honduras. Are you married or single?
Ali: I’m married. I have two children, a boy and a girl. And you?
Heidi: I’m single

Conversation No. 4

  • Alí: ¡Hoy es mi cumpleaños!
  • Heidi: Felicidades. ¿Cuántos años tienes ya?
  • Alí: Tengo 25 años… Voy a celebrar mi cumpleaños con pastel y un partido de futbol ¿Te gusta el futbol?
  • Heidi: Si claro, me gusta mucho ver el mundial
  • Alí: uhmm.. una pregunta ¿Cuál es tu color favorito?
  • Heidi: Mi color favorito es el rojo…
  • Alí: Bien, entonces usaré una camisa roja hoy
Read English translation
Ali: Today is my birthday!
Heidi: Congratulations. How old are you now?
Ali: I’m 25 years old … I will celebrate my birthday with cake and a football game. Do you like football?
Heidi: Yes of course, I like to see the world cup
Ali: uhmm… I have a question, What is your favorite color?
Heidi: My favorite color is red …
Ali: Well, then I’ll wear a red shirt today

This is the end of the lesson. Hopefully you will remember the Spanish phrases we introduced and got an idea of how they can be used in basic conversations thanks to the examples. Come back and check their pronunciation any time you need it. More importantly, find someone to practice with if possible. Make sure to continue learning more expressions and questions to expand your vocabulary so that you can have and understand other scenarios. ¡Hasta pronto!

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