Describing your Bedroom in Spanish: La Habitación

Describing your bedroom in Spanish will be easy to do if you know a few common adjectives and how to use the verb SER . In this lesson we will introduce the vocabulary for common bedroom objects in Spanish, as well as how to use colors and other adjectives to describe a room. We have included a lot of examples, some of them using two basic grammar topics we have not studied before, Spanish adverbs of quantity and negative sentences. Comencemos…

Vocabulary introduction: A list of common bedroom objects in Spanish

First of all, there are several ways to say bedroom in Spanish including, being HABITACIÓN and CUARTO the most common. In order to describe a bedroom in Spanish, we need to learn the vocabulary for bedroom objects in Spanish first and for that we will use an image with numbers pointing out some of these objects. Please try to remember some of these words as we will be using them a lot in the rest of the lesson.

Describing a bedroom in Spanish and common bedroom objects
Las cosas de la habitación

Negative sentences in Spanish + bedroom objects

Before learning how to describe your bedroom in Spanish, there are some important grammar points to keep in mind. Let’s start with negative sentences in Spanish. Negative sentences in Spanish are called ORACIÓNES NEGATIVAS and they are formed by adding the word “NO” before the verb like this:

Subject + NO + verb + complement. e.g. Ella no va a la escuela.

The subject is optional most of the time so it is possible to leave it out. Negation in Questions is very similar to Negation in Spanish sentences, although you need to be careful with question marks and giving the right intonation to the question. It is way more common to ask negative questions in Spanish than in English as in these examples: ¿No tienes un ropero? (Don’t you have a closet?)

Examples of Negative sentences in Spanish

¿No tienes un espejo en tu cuarto?
Don´t you have a mirror in your bedroom?
¿No crees que ese guardarropa es demasiado grande?
Don´t you think that closet it too big?

Spanish adverbs of quantity + bedroom objects

Second, we will talk about how to use Spanish adverbs of quantity or “adverbios de cantidad/grado”. In our lesson about the living room we showed how to use them as Spanish quantifiers such as MUCHA, POCA and others in sentences like Hay mucha agua. In this lesson, we will use similar Spanish adverbs of queantity to increase or decrease the grade of an adjective in a sentence. These adverbs are words like: MUY (very), UN POCO (a little), BASTANTE (quite), REALMENTE (really), TOTALMENTE (totally) and PARCIALMENTE (partially).

If we want to say something like this pillow is really comfortable in Spanish, we can say “Esta almohada es realmente cómoda” using Spanish adverbs of quantity like REALMENTE  or MUY to increase the value of the adjective CÓMODA. There are many other Spanish quantity adverbs, but the ones we mentioned before are normally used in everyday conversations. Try not to confuse MUCHO with MUY in Spanish. Notice that MUY is used before adjectives like BONITA (pretty) and MUCHO is used before nouns like ORO (gold).

Some of these sentences will include adverbs of quantity and words for bedroom objects in Spanish, as well as things we have discussed in other lessons such as demonstrative adjectives in Spanish (ESE/ESTE/ESTOS/AQUELLA…) and also a few important irregular verbs in Spanish: TENER, SER, ESTAR and IR. TENER is used to say what objects you have in your room, ESTAR to say where an item is located or how the room looks in a given moment, SER for general descriptions and IR as an auxiliary for the future in Spanish. Click on PLAY to listen to the examples.

Examples of sentences with bedroom objects in Spanish

Su habitación está totalmente desordenada.
His room is totally messy.
¿Tienes un nuevo gavetero?
Do you have a new drawer chest?
¿De quién es esta cama?
Whose is this bed?
¿Qué opinas de la cabecera de la cama?
What do you think of the headboard?
Este edredón es relativamente barato.
This quilt is relatively cheap
¡Vaya! Esta almohada es realmente cómoda.
Wow! This pillow is really comfortable
Aquella lámpara de noche es muy frágil.
That night lamp is very fragile.
La mesa de noche del cuarto es un poco baja
The night table in the room is a little short.
Esta cobija está algo sucia
This blanket is a little dirty
Voy a dormir como rey con este colchón.
I am going to sleep like a king with this mattress

Describing your bedroom in Spanish and its objects

Now that we know how to say a few common bedroom objects in Spanish, it is time to use them for describing your bedroom in Spanish. First, you should is a few adjectives in Spanish like BONITO, CÓMODO, ESPACIOSO, PEQUEÑO, GRANDE, VENTILADO, MODERNO, LUJOSO…” and so on. In order to make sentences with those adjectives, we will use SER in its form ES and the verb TENER in its form TIENE.

You could also use some of the vocabulary we have covered in other lessons, for example: parts of the house(ventana, puerta, baño…), some colors and preposition of place in to indicate the location of the bedroom objects in Spanish. Here are two audio examples describing a bedroom in Spanish using the vocabulary for bedroom objects, as well as the negation and Spanish adverbs of quantity:

Describing my room in Spanish – Describiendo mi habitación

Mi habitación es grande. Tiene una ventana hacia el patio de la casa. Las paredes son de color verde, mi color favorito. Hay suficiente ventilación y tengo muchas cosas en el cuarto. Tengo una cama un poco grande y varias almohadas suaves. La cama no tiene cabecera. Hay una mesa de noche junto a la cama, y sobre la mesa de noche hay una lámpara roja. También tengo un guardarropa y hay un baño dentro de la habitación.
Translation: My room in Spanish
My bedroom is big. It has a window into the backyard. The walls are green, my favorite color. There is enough ventilation and I have many things in the room. I have a rather large bed and several soft pillows. The bed has no headboard. There is a nightstand next to the bed and there is red lamp on the nightstand. I also have a wardrobe and there is a bathroom inside the room.
Mi habitación es pequeña, pero bastante moderna. Mi cama es cómoda y tiene una cabecera elegante. El colchón de la cama es realmente suave y duermo como rey. Es un cuarto sin ventanas pero es bastante fresco. Las paredes son de color blanco con detalles en gris y verde claro. Tengo un gavetero y hay varias fotografías colgadas en la pared. No tengo baño en el cuarto.
Translation: My room in Spanish
My room is small but quite modern. My bed is very comfortable and has a stylish headboard. The mattress of the bed is really soft so I sleep like a king. It is a windowless room but it’s pretty cool. The walls are white with gray and light green. I have a drawer chest and there are several pictures posted on the wall. There is no bathroom in the room.

Spanish Listening: Talking about your bedroom in Spanish

Listen to two friends talking about a bedroom in Spanish and the objects in it. Take notes of things you consider important in the conversation and pay attention to the way adverbs of quantity and negative structures are used in Spanish. Click Play to listen to the conversation.

Key expressions in the conversation:

  1. ¿Por qué (tú) no….? means “Why don´t you…?”
  2. No te preocupes means “Don´t worry”
Conversation script: Describing your bedroom in Spanish
Alex: Hey Mercedes… uhmm ¿por qué no me ayudas a limpiar mi habitación?
Mercedes: Fíjate que estoy muy ocupada en este momento.
Alex: ¿De veras? Yo creo que no quieres ayudarme más bien.
Mercedes: Tú eres muy desordenado. No arreglas tu cama, tu almohada está en el piso, ni siquiera tienes ropa limpia en el gavetero o en el closet.
Alex: ja ja. Si, tienes toda la razón. Creo que necesito una empleada para que haga esas cosas.
Mercedes: Y vaya que tiene que ser una empleada bastante buena.
Alex: Quizás pueda cambiar un poco, ¿no crees? Además, este cuarto es pequeño y tengo demasiadas cosas… No tiene ventanas y es caliente aquí dentro.
Mercedes: Tienes razón. Mi habitación es diferente. Es grande y si tiene una ventana hacia el patio de la casa. Las paredes son de color celeste y todas las cosas están en su lugar. Tengo una cama un poco grande y varias almohadas suaves. También tengo un guardarropa y hay un baño dentro de la habitación.
Alex: Vaya, parece que tienes una habitación muy lujosa y moderna
Mercedes: No es para tanto… pero es una habitación bonita

Spanish quiz: Practicing bedroom objects, negative structures and adverbs of quantity in Spanish.

Here are some questions related to the Spanish conversation about a bedroom in Spanish you just listened. Choose the correct answer for each question using the information provided “en la conversación”. You will get an interesting tip every time you find a correct answer. Press “START” to begin the quiz.
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