¡Hola! ¿Listo para aprender sobre la ropa? This lesson will cover some of the vocabulary for clothing items in Spanish, “prendas de vestir ”, as well as different ways for asking and saying prices in Spanish with key verbs, words and expressions you will definitely need when buying something in a Spanish-speaking country, for example. We have included a nice video presenting vocabulary and examples. Similarly to other lessons, you will be able to practice at the end of the lesson with a short quiz. Let’s start…
Lesson introduction: Clothing items in Spanish, adjectives and prices.
In order to begin the lesson with the right foot, we created a video that besides showing the vocabulary we need, sums up the major points to cover in the lesson including how to make sentences and questions with clothes in Spanish and participate in simple conversations. The video is divided in these sections:
- The vocabulary for clothing items in Spanish
- Adjectives and the verbs SER and LUCIR to describe clothes in Spanish
- Talking about clothes styles, patterns and sizes
- The verb USAR to say what you are wearing
- Asking prices in Spanish using the verbs VALER and COSTAR
- Some common phrases to give your opinion about LA ROPA
Please make sure to stick until the end of the video so that you understand the examples more easily later.
Making sentences with clothing items in Spanish and asking prices
Asking prices in Spanish
First of all, for asking prices in Spanish, we may use two questions: ¿Cuánto vale + objeto? or ¿Cuánto cuesta + objeto?, CUÁNTO being HOW MUCH here. The key verbs to remember are VALER (to be worth) and COSTAR (to cost). In order to ask the price of a single item, like UNA BLUSA (a blouse), you should ask ¿Cuánto vale esta blusa? but to ask the price of several items, change VALE to VALEN and make the noun plural as in ¿Cuánto valen estas blusas?.
Demonstrative pronouns like ESE, ESTE and so on are very common when asking for the price of an item. Other ways to ask are ¿Cuál es el precio de este artículo?, meaning what’s the price of this item?, or in a more polite way ¿Me puede decir el precio de este artículo?, which means can you tell me the price of this item? Let’s read and listen a few examples using the vocabulary for some clothing items in Spanish and the different ways to ask for prices.
Camisa / ¿Cuánto vale esa camisa? – Esa camisa vale 20 dólares.
Shirt / How much is this shirt? – This shirt is 20 dollars
Camiseta / ¿Cuánto cuesta esta camiseta? – Cuesta 10 dólares.
T-shirt/ How much is this t-shirt? – It is 10 dollars
Corbata – ¿Me puede decir el precio de esta corbata?
Tie/necktie – Can you tell me the price of this tie?
Shorts/pantalones cortos- Disculpe ¿Cuál es el precio de estos shorts?
Shorts: Excuse me, what is the price of these shorts?
Guantes – ¿Cuánto cuestan estos guantes?
Gloves – How much are these gloves?
Saying prices in Spanish
For saying prices in Spanish, we will also need the verbs VALER conjugated as “vale” for a single item and “valen” for several and COSTAR conjugated as “cuesta” for one item and “cuestan” for several. Here are two examples:
Suéter – Este suéter vale 20 dólares.
Sweater – This sueter is 20 dollars
Calcetines – Este par de calcetines cuestan 2 dólares.
Socks – These pair of socks are 2 dollars
More useful questions in a clothes shop
There are other questions you can ask if you are buying clothes in a shop such as: “¿Tiene este en otro color?” (Do you have this in a different color?), ¿Puede mostrarme…? (Can you show me…?) and ¿Dónde están..?/¿Dónde puedo entontrar…?. Here are some examples:
Pantalones/jeans: ¿Tiene este pantalón en otro color? – Si claro.
Jeans: Do you have these jeans in a different color? – Yes, of course
Vestido – ¿Puede mostrarme los vestidos?
Dress – Can you show me the dresses?
Ropa interior – ¿Dónde puedo encontrar ropa interior?
Underwear – Where can I find underwear?
Describing clothes in Spanish and saying what you are wearing
Most of the time, people will also describe clothes in Spanish when buying at a shop or saying what they are wearing. To do so, we will need the verb SER plus some adjectives. You can talk about colors (los colores), shapes (la forma) and sizes (tamaños), for example: Esa blusa rosada es bonita (That pink blouse is beautiful) and “Me gusta la camisa grande” (I like the big shirt). We will learn a lot more about adjectives for clothes colors, sizes and styles in the next lesson. In addition, to talk about the clothes we are wearing, we use the present progressive, “ESTAR + gerundio”, of the verb USAR(to wear) e.g. “Yo estoy usando un sombrero” and “Ellos están usando camisetas”.
Blusa – Me gusta esta blusa.
Blouse – I like this blouse
Falda – Esa falda es muy bonita.
Skirt – That skirt is very nice
Pantalón de vestir – Este pantalón de vestir es muy cómodo.
Pants/trousers: These trousers are very comfortable
Zapatos – Estos zapatos son muy caros.
Shoes – These shoes are very expensive
Gorra – Esta gorra es barata.
Cap – This cap is cheap
Chaqueta – Emma está usando una chaqueta azul.
Jacket – Emma is wearing a blue jacket
Traje – Tú estás usando un traje muy elegante.
Suit – You are wearing a very elegant suit
Uniforme – El niño está usando uniforme.
Uniform – The kid is wearing a uniform
The verb USAR means both to wear and to use in Spanish so it is grammatically correct to say “Yo puedo usar la computadora” and also “Estoy usando calcetines negros” when talking about clothing items in Spanish.