Feelings and Emotions in Spanish: List, Conversations and Quiz

Feelings and emotions in Spanish, los sentimientos y las emociones, are a special kind of adjectives often found in everyday conversations. In this lesson, we will learn a list of moods through a nice video and explain how you can use them to make simple sentences. You will find examples of conversations using a list of feelings and emotions in Spanish plus a main listening activity and quizzes that will test if you can recognize the key vocabulary in the lesson. Let’s start…

Expressing feelings and emotions in Spanish
Los sentimientos y las emociones

Introductory video: A list of feelings and emotions in Spanish

First, we will ask you to watch a short video showing pictures and drawings representing a list of feelings and emotions in Spanish. We have included some notes about the images as well.  We recommend you to watch the video as some its main points and vocabulary will be used later in the conversations. It is only in Spanish, but you can activate the captions (cc) if you need translation.

Expressing feelings and emotions in Spanish with ESTAR

First, words that are used to describe features or state are all Spanish adjectives. For the purpose of expressing feelings and emotions in Spanish, it is necessary to understand the basics to use adjectives, which in this case are words like “enojado” and that can suffer a few variations while talking about a subject,e.g. “enojado”, “enojada”, “enojados” and “enojadas”. The form of the adjective has to agree with the noun it describes. Since moods are temporary states, then we can use ESTAR plus feelings to describe how we feel at a given moment. The verb ESTAR will be used following this structure:

Subject(optional) + ESTAR (conjugated) + Spanish feelings (emociones/sentimientos) e.g. Yo estoy alegre

Some of the words for emotions have synonyms, words that mean the same, and antonyms, words that mean the opposite. To illustrate this, the synonyms for ENOJADO are MOLESTO, BRAVO and ENFADADO. In order to ask how someone feels in Spanish, you could use: ¿Cómo estás? (How are you) and ¿Cómo te sientes? (How do you feel?). ¿Cómo estás? is a little more casual. Moreover, it is possible to ask with: ¿Qué te pasa?/ ¿Qué te sucede? (What´s wrong?). These two ways to ask are a little more informal for everyday conversations, but they are something a doctor would ask normally. You can also ask using ESTAR + an emotion, for example: ¿Tú estás enojado? (Are you angry?).

Conversations with ESTAR + feelings and emotions in Spanish

Example No. 1

  • Jorge: Hola Frania ¿Cómo estás?
  • Frania: Estoy feliz porque ya terminé mi proyecto.
  • Jorge: ¿En serio? Eso es muy bueno. Estoy contento por ti.
  • Frania: ¡Gracias! Estoy emocionada por presentarlo en clases.
Read English translation
Jorge: Hello Frania How are you?
Frania: I’m happy because I finished my project.
Jorge: Really? That is very good. I’m happy for you.
Frania: Thanks! I’m excited to present it in class.

Example No. 2

  • Frania: Hola Jorge. Vine a visitarte. ¿Cómo te sientes?
  • Jorge: Me siento enfermo, o más bien, estoy enfermo. Tengo gripe.
  • Frania: Estoy apenada por no venir antes. Discúlpame.
  • Jorge: No te preocupes. Me alegra que tú estés saludable.
Read English translation
Frania: Hi Jorge. I came to visit you. How do you feel?
Jorge: I feel sick, or rather, I’m sick. I have the flu.
Frania: I’m sorry for not coming sooner. Excuse me.
George: Do not worry. I’m glad that you’re healthy.

Making feelings and emotions stronger with Spanish adverbs

The verb SENTIR (to feel) can also be used for expressing feelings and emotions in Spanish. It is often accompanied by a reflexive pronoun, e.g. “Yo me siento + emoción”. If you want to maximize or minimize a feeling in Spanish, you can use adverbs of quantity such as MUY, BASTANTE, UN POCO, REALMENTE and so on as in the sentences: “Me siento muy emocionada” (I feel very excited) and “Estoy un poco deprimida” (I am a little depressed).

Finally, you can say the reason why you are in a certain mood using the word PORQUE (because) + a simple sentence giving a reason, for example: “Estoy alegre porque hoy es mi cumpleaños. Here are a few more conversations. Try to discover other expressions and rules we have not explained and find the vocabulary presented in the video.

Example No. 3

  • Jorge: ¿Qué te sucede Frania?
  • Frania: Estoy cansada de trabajar y todavía tengo cosas que hacer.
  • Jorge: ¡Vaya! Estoy sorprendido de ver todo lo que has hecho.
  • Frania: Ya estoy soñolienta
  • Jorge: Pobre… mejor ve a dormir
Read English translation
Jorge: What’s wrong, Frania?
Frania: I’m tired of working and still I have things to do.
George: Wow! I’m surprised to see everything you’ve done.
Frania: I’m sleepy …
Jorge: Poor you … You’d better go to sleep

Example No. 4

  • Frania: Parece que estás deprimido… ¿qué te pasa?
  • Jorge: Estoy preocupado porque mi perro está enfermo.
  • Frania: ¿El perro está enfermo?
  • Jorge: Si, pero ya estoy un poco más tranquilo porque el doctor dice que no es grave.
  • Frania: ¡Qué bueno!
Read English translation
Frania: It seems that you are depressed … what’s wrong?
Jorge: I am worried because my dog is sick.
Frania: The dog is sick?
George: Yes, but I’m a little quieter because the doctor says it is not serious.
Frania: That’s good!

Example No. 5

  • Jorge: ¿Cómo estás?
  • Frania: Muy aburrida y enojada porque no puedo salir por la lluvia.
  • Jorge: A mí me gusta la lluvia. Estoy enamorado de este clima.
  • Frania: Yo no… Estoy asustada de tantos truenos.
Read English translation
Jorge: How are you?
Frania: I am very bored and angry because I can’t go out because of the rain.
Jorge: I like rain. I’m in love with this weather.
Frania: I do not … I’m scared of so many thunders.

Listening activity: “How are you feeling?” in Spanish

Listen to a conversation between two friends who are talking about feelings and emotions in Spanish. Take notes of the information you consider important and listen carefully to identify the phrases presented above plus a few new ones. Press PLAY when you are ready.

Key expressions in the conversation:

  • Te estába buscando means “I was looking for you…”
  • Nos estamos mudando means “We are moving”
  • Pronto se les pasará means “They will forget it soon”
Read conversation script: Conversation on feelings and emotions in Spanish
Jorge: Hola Frania. Te estaba buscando. ¿Cómo estás?
Frania: Estoy bien, gracias… feliz porque mi mamá ya está saludable
Jorge: ¿En serio? Me alegra mucho por ella. ¿Cómo están los niños?
Frania: Ellos están emocionados porque van a ir a un cumpleaños. ¿Cómo están tú y Patricia?
Jorge: Para ser honesto, estamos cansados porque nos estamos mudando de casa. Estábamos asustados al principio, pero ahora estamos tranquilos.
Frania: ¿Los niños no están tristes?
Jorge: Un poquito tristes. Mis papás están algo enojados, pero pronto se les pasará.
Frania: Si verdad. Estoy sorprendida de lo rápido que pasa el tiempo. Por cierto, estoy muy apenada porque olvide tu cumpleaños…
Jorge: No te preocupes, pero eso sí, me debes el regalo

Final notes and lesson quiz: Los sentimientos y las emociones

When talking about feelings and emotions in Spanish, it is important that you know that ESTAR is used for things that change over time, whereas SER has a more permanent character. SER will be used to describe personality traits or people’s appearance. In addition, SENTIR has a more formal connotation, but it is very common in the language. In order to remember these words and expressions easily, you can create a chart with synonyms and antonyms, and practice as much as you can.

Here is the last quiz with some listening comprehension exercises for the key things in the lesson. Good luck!

Related Spanish Worksheets:

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