The vocabulary for classroom objects, los objetos de la clase, may be very useful especially if you are in school or if you are planning to study Spanish in a classroom in the future. In this lesson you will read and listen to several examples using the vocabulary for the items in a classroom. Besides we will make use of vocabulary and grammar structures we have covered in previous lessons such as colors, demonstrative adjectives, definite articles and the verbs SER and ESTAR. Let’s begin…
A list of classroom objects in Spanish: vocabulary and pictures
Two common ways to say classroom objects in Spanish are “Los artículos del aula de clases” and “Los objetos de la clase”. We will begin by looking at a picture containing several of these items. We will see them in sentences later to hear their pronunciation and how they could be used in real contexts.
Making sentences with the things in the classroom in Spanish
The first group of examples with classroom objects will make use of prepositions of place(preposiciones de lugar) such as SOBRE (on), DEBAJO DE (under), ENCIMA DE (over), DENTRO DE (in or inside), FUERA DE (out or outside) y DETRÁS DE (behind). They have been covered in a previous lesson, but as a reminder they are used with the forms ESTÁ (one object) and ESTÁN (several objects) of the verb ESTAR, eg. “El libro está debajo de la silla” [object + estar + preposition + object]. We will also see demonstrative adjectives like ESE, ESA and so on in use as well as definite articles(EL, LA…) before many of these items.
|Some sentences using classroom objects in Spanish|
ESCRITORIO – El libro está sobre el escritorio amarillo
The book is on the yellow desk
MESA – El libro está debajo de la mesa anaranjada/naranja
The book is below the orange table
MAPA – Ese mapa verde está sobre la pared.
That green map is on the wall
BOLÍGRAFO – Estos bolígrafos están encima de la mesa.
These black pens are over the table
BORRADOR – Ese borrador rosado está detrás del librero.
That pink eraser is behind the bookshelf
MOCHILA – Este libro celeste está fuera de la mochila.
This sky blue book is outside the schoolbag
REGLA – La regla dorada está en medio de esos libros.
The gold ruler is between those books
CALCULADORA – La calculadora plateada está junto a esa mochila.
The silver calculator is next to that schoolbag
The second group of examples will use colors and the verb SER. “Los colores” a special type of adjectives and they are always placed after the object (noun) we are describing. We do not say Un rosado borrador meaning a pink eraser, but Un borrador rosado. Now, the tricky part with colors is that they change their gender (feminine, masculine) and number (singular, plural) depending on the item or items they are describing, for example, REGLA is feminine, singular noun so we would need a color that matches that gender and number like ROJA or VERDE so we can something like “Una regla roja”. On the other hand, if we have three REGLAS then we should say “Tres reglas rojas” with the color and object in plural form. Colors are often placed directly after the noun they describe or after a form of the verb SER, commonly ES and SON. These two forms can also be used with adjectives to tell more about objects, for example: “viejo”(old), “nuevo”(new) and so on.
|Some sentences using classroom objects in Spanish|
SILLA – Esa silla azul es muy cómoda
That blue seat/chair is very comfortable
COMPUTADORA -Esta computadora blanca es de buena marca.
This white computer has a good brand name.
PIZARRA – Estas pizarras son muy útiles
These whiteboards are very useful
LIBRERO – Aquel librero beige es viejo
That beige bookshelf is old
LÁPIZ – Este lápiz gris es un regalo
This gray pencil is a gift
MOCHILA – Esa mochila verde clara es muy bonita
That light green schoolbag is very beautiful
MARCADOR – Este marcador morado es muy útil.
This purple marker is very useful
Vocabulary quiz: Things in the classroom in Spanish
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It is time to test if you understand how the examples about “los objetos del aula de clases” work. The quiz is really easy to solve and will help you know which things you must continue studying. Let’s start…
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- Question 1 of 4
Which of these “sustantivos” are not classroom objects?CorrectIncorrect
- Question 2 of 4
Complete these sentences about things in class with the correct preposition of place.
- El libro está (sobre, encima de) la mesa. (on)
- La regla está (debajo del) escritorio. (under)
- Mis lápices y mi borrador están (afuera de) la mochila. (out of)
- La profesora está (junto a, al lado de) la mesa. (next to)
- Question 3 of 4
Complete each sentence with the corresponding demostrative adjective – “adjetivo demostrativo” .
- (Esa) es mi silla. (that)
- (Esos, Aquellos) son tus marcadores. (those)
- (Esta) computadora es nueva. (this)
- (Esas, Aquellas) niñas están haciendo la tarea. (those)
- Question 4 of 4
Complete these sentences with the right color and classroom item.
- El (marcador rojo) no tiene tinta. (red marker)
- Me gusta esa (mochila azul). (blue schoolbag)
- El maestro usa tiza (blanca) para escribir en la (pizarra). (white , blackboard)
- Hay un (bóligrafo verde) y un (lápiz negro) en el piso. (green pen, black pencil)