There is a lot of vocabulary for everyday activities in Spanish, and many of them are very useful when describing daily routines. In this lesson, will focus on things that people do regularly through a list of common daily routine activities in Spanish. We created a nice video explaining many interesting things about reflexive verbs and included lots of examples to see the new vocabulary in use. Comencemos…
Introduction: Daily routine activities in Spanish, reflexive verbs and examples
We will begin the lesson with a video showing a list of common daily routine activities in Spanish and explaining how to ask what someone does every day, plus the basic way to conjugate reflexive verbs and use them in simple sentences. At the end of the video there is a simple conversation integrating most of the major points in the video, so please make sure to stick until the end as it also includes some things you will not find in the rest of the lesson and pay special attention to the vocabulary, phrases and questions.
A list of daily activities in Spanish using reflexive verbs.
Reflexive verbs as daily activities in Spanish
If you watched the video, then this part will be easier to understand. First, we will see a list of daily routine activities in Spanish that are represented by reflexive verbs. Basically, a reflexive verb like LEVANTARSE (to get up) will change to SE LEVANTA or ME LEVANTO depending on who is getting up. For example, to say “She gets up early” we would say “ELLA SE LEVANTA TEMPRANO” but to say “I get up early” we have to say YO ME LEVANTO TEMPRANO. Both ME and SE in these two examples are reflexive pronouns. We often follow this structure for many of the activities:
Subject pronoun + reflexive pronoun + conjugated verb + complement
Here are some sentences using reflexive verbs as daily activities in Spanish. Listen to the audio and pay attention to their pronunciation.
Despertarse – Yo me despierto al sonar la alarma
To wake up – I wake up when the alarm rings
Levantarse – Yo me levanto temprano.
To get up – I get up early
Bañarse – Usted se baña en poco tiempo
To take a shower – You take a shower in a short time
Cepillarse los dientes – Carlos se cepilla los dientes todos los días.
Brush my teeth – Carlos brushes his teeth every day
The role of reflexive pronouns in Spanish
As you can see in the examples reflexive pronouns are very important for this topic. They are placed before the main verb of the sentence and we use a different reflexive pronoun depending on the subject of the sentence: “Me” is used after “Yo”, “Se” after “Él, ella, ellos, ellas, ustedes”, “Te” after “Tú” and “Nos” after “Nosotros”. Adding a reflexive pronoun or leaving it out actually depends on what we are trying to say. For example, the sentence “Ella cocina el desayuno” means “She cooks breakfast”, but if we add the Spanish reflexive pronoun “nos” to the sentence and say “Ella nos cocina el desayuno”, it would mean “She cooks us breakfast”. Notice that you need to conjugate the verb properly depending on the subject of the sentence and depending on weather the verb is regular or not.
Other verbs just need a reflexive pronoun to make clear who is being affected by the action, for example, saying “Yo bañar” is incorrect because we are not saying who is taking the shower but if we add “me” and say “Yo me baño”, we clarify that I am the one taking the shower. It’s time to listen to some more examples using reflexive verbs and daily activities in Spanish in sentences.
Afeitarse/Rasurarse – Él se rasura la barba todos los días
To shave – He shaves his beard every day
Vestirse – Mercedes se viste en su habitación.
Get dressed – Mercedes gets dressed in her bedroom
Ponerse maquillaje – Tú te pones maquillaje todos los días.
Put on makeup – You put on makeup every day
Alistarse – Yo me alisto para ir a la escuela.
Get ready – I get ready to go to school
Dormir – (Nosotros) Nos dormimos a las 10 de la noche.
Sleep – We sleep at 10 at night
A list of daily routine activities in Spanish using non-reflexive verbs.
Not all the daily routine activities in Spanish are reflexive verbs. In fact many of them are plain verbs in infinitive such as COCINAR (cook) and LIMPIAR (clean), including a few common sports and household chores. This means we will not need a reflexive pronoun before the conjugated verb and will follow the most basic structure for sentences:
Subject + conjugated non-reflexive verb + complement
Just be careful with some verbs as some of them are stem changing verbs, even the ones who need a reflexive pronouns like DESPERTARSE and VESTIRSE. Here are some examples of sentences using non-reflexive verbs.
Sentences with non-reflexive verbs as daily activities in Spanish
Arreglar la cama – Yo arreglo mi cama en la mañana.
Make the bed – I make my bed in the morning
Cocinar el desayuno/almuerzo/la cena – Mi mamá cocina el desayuno
Cook breakfast/lunch/dinner – My mother cooks breakfast
Desayunar/almorzar/cenar – Nosotros cenamos juntos.
Eat breakfast/lunch/dinner – We eat together
Limpiar la casa – Ella ayuda a limpiar la casa.
Clean the house – She helps to clean the house
Lavar los platos – Ustedes lavan los platos
Wash the dishes – You wash the dishes
Ir a la escuela – Yo voy a la escuela todos los días
Go to school – I go to school every day
Ir al trabajo – Ellas van al trabajo juntas.
Go to work – They go to work together
Recoger a los niños – Joel recoge a los niños en la tarde
Pick up the children – Joel picks up the children in the afternoon
Regresar a casa – Yo regreso a casa antes del anochecer.
Go back home – I go back home before nightfall
Related Spanish Worksheets:
- Daily Activities in Spanish – PDF Worksheet
- Verbs for Daily Routines in Spanish – Crossword Puzzle
- My Daily Routine in Spanish – PDF Worksheet
- Daily Activities & Time in Spanish – PDF Worksheet
- Telling Time in Spanish – PDF Worksheet
- Household Chores in Spanish – PDF Worksheet
- Dialogues about daily routines in Spanish – PDF Worksheet