- What are irregular verbs in Spanish? – Los verbos irregulares
- Conjugating the Spanish irregular verb ESTAR (to be) in the present tense
- Conjugating the Spanish irregular verb SER (to be) in the present tense
- Conjugating the Spanish irregular verb IR (to go) in the present tense
- A list of common Spanish irregular verbs in the present tense
Unlike Spanish regular verbs, Spanish irregular verbs do not follow the pattern to modify the ending of verbs that regular verbs do. However, some of these irregular verbs in Spanish are very important for different purposes including conversations and written works. In this grammar lesson we will learn how to use some basic Spanish irregular verbs in the present tense in real sentences and questions.
What are irregular verbs in Spanish? – Los verbos irregulares
Spanish irregular verbs are a special type of Spanish verbs that do not follow the regular conjugation rules for other verbs, even the ones about stem changing verbs and spelling changes. They are “verbos irregulares” in Spanish. The problem is that some of these verbs are very common in the language so we have to memorize the proper conjugation for each Spanish subject pronoun. Some of these irregular verbs only change their form with certain pronouns but follow the rules with others. The following picture illustrates the main difference between Spanish irregular and regular verbs. Cick on the picture to enlarge it.
We will now show you a video explaining a little about two important irregular verbs in Spanish: SER and ESTAR. Both verbs represent the verb TO BE in Spanish. The video will show you several examples of how to use both verbs for different purposes. Make sure to stick until the end of the video to understand the rest of the lesson more easily.
Conjugating the Spanish irregular verb ESTAR (to be) in the present tense
ESTAR is a common irregular verb in Spanish and it is actually one of the first ones you should learn in Spanish. Estar is one of the forms of the verb to be in Spanish and it is used to talk about states or locations. It is commonly used to talk about feelings and emotions in Spanish too. This verb is also an auxiliary to make sentences in the present progressive in Spanish. Here are some sentences using the different conjugations for ESTAR in Spanish:
|Sentences in Spanish using the irregular verb ESTAR(to be)|
Yo estoy enojado
I am angry
Tú estás/Vos estás ocupada todo el tiempo
You are busy all the time
Él/Usted/ Ella – Ella está haciendo su tarea
He/you/She is doing her homework
Nosotros estamos felices de estar aquí
We are happy to be here.
¿Vosotros estáis enfermos?
Are you sick?
Ellos, Ustedes – ¿Ustedes están tomando clases de español?
Are you taking Spanish classes?
Conjugating the Spanish irregular verb SER (to be) in the present tense
SER is the second form of the verb to be in Spanish and it is also an irregular verb. Unlike ESTAR, SER is used to describe things like rooms and parts of the house, to describe people in Spanish and many other things. It is also used to talk about the time in Spanish, nationalities and many other things. Here are some sentences using the different conjugations of ser in Spanish:
|Sentences and questions in Spanish using the irregular verb SER (to be)|
Yo soy tu hermano
I am your brother
Tú eres muy inteligente
You are very smart
Vos sos mi mejor amigo
You are my best friend
Él, Ella, Usted – Usted es mi maestro favorito.
You are mi favorite teacher
Nosotros somos de Japón
We are from Japan
Vosotros sois tan talentosos.
You are so talented
Ustedes/Ellos – ¿Ellos son tus amigos?
Are they your friends?
Conjugating the Spanish irregular verb IR (to go) in the present tense
IR (to go) is a very important and common irregular verb in Spanish. We may use it in simple sentences or as an auxiliary for the future tense in Spanish, especially for making plans in Spanish just the same as going to in English. Here are some examples using IR (to go):
|Sentences and questions in Spanish using the irregular verb IR (to go)|
(Yo) voy a la casa de mis padres casa fin de semana
I go to my parent’s house every weekend
Tú vas al cine cada jueves
You go to the movies every Thursday
Ella, Él, Usted – Él va a terminar eso mañana.
He is going to finish that tomorrow
Nosotros vamos a la playa en verano
We go to the beach in summer
¿Vosotros váis ahí a menudo?
Do you go there often?
Ellos/Ustedes – Ellos van a jugar hoy.
They are going to play today
A list of common Spanish irregular verbs in the present tense
|Common irregular verbs in Spanish and their conjugation|
Tener – Yo tengo, tú tienes, él tiene, nosotros tenemos, vosotros tenéis, ellos tienen
To have – I have, you have, he has, we have, you have, they have
Dar – Yo doy, tú das, él/ella da, nosotros damos, vosotros dais, ellos/ustedes dan
To give – I give, you give, he/she gives, we give, you give, they/you give
Hacer – Yo hago, tú haces, él hace, nosotros hacemos, vosotros hacéis, ellos hacen
To do – I do, you do, he does, we do, you do, they do
Caer – Yo caigo, tú caes, él cae, nosotros caemos, vosotros caéis, ellos caen
To fall – I fall, you fall, he falls, we fall, you fall, they fall
Salir – Yo salgo, tú sales, ella sale, nosotros salimos, vosotros salís, ellos salen
To go out – I go out, you go out, she goes out, we go out, you go out, they go out
Saber – Yo sé, tú sabes, él sabe, nosotros sabemos, vosotros sabéis, ellos/ustedes salen
To know – I know, you know, he knows, we know, you know, they know
Ver – Yo veo, tú ves, él ve, nosotros vemos, ustedes, ellos ven
To see – I see, you see, he sees, we see, you see, they see
1. Ellos hacen sus tareas solos. (They do their homework by themselves)
2. Yo tengo 2 hijos y ellos tienen tres (I have 2 children and they have 3)
3. Yo se que tú tienes la razón. (I know you’ve got the reason)