- What are irregular verbs in Spanish? – Los verbos irregulares
- The Spanish irregular verb ESTAR (to be) in the present tense
- The Spanish irregular verb SER (to be) in the present tense
- The Spanish irregular verb IR (to go) in the present tense
- A list of common Spanish irregular verbs in the present tense
Unlike regular verbs, irregular verbs do not follow rules when conjugated. The problem is that they are widely used in a daily basis. In this grammar lesson you will learn some common irregular verbs in the present tense, “verbos irregulares”, and the way to use them in sentences and questions. We have included many examples, important tips and other resources that will make the lesson very interesting.
What are irregular verbs in Spanish? – Los verbos irregulares
Irregular verbs, los verbos irregulares, are a special type of verbs that do not follow conjugation rules like other verbs. The verb SER, for instance, will be conjugated as SOY for the pronoun YO and as you can see that is very different to its original form. Irregular verbs are very common in the language so to use them we must memorize their conjugations. Some of them will change their form for a few pronouns, but not for others, but most of the time they have an unpredictable behaviour.
The Spanish irregular verb ESTAR (to be) in the present tense
ESTAR is a pretty common irregular verb and it is actually one of the first ones you should learn in the language. “Estar” is one of the forms of the verb to be in Spanish and it is used to talk about states, feelings, actions in progress and locations. If ESTAR were regular, then for the pronoun YO we would say [EST + O] but since it is not, it will actually become ESTOY as in YO ESTOY. The chart below shows the conjugations for ESTAR in the present tense for all pronouns. Please check the related lesson to learn more about this verb.
|Sentences using the irregular verb ESTAR in Spanish(to be)|
Yo estoy enojado
I am angry
Tú estás/Vos estás ocupada todo el tiempo
You are busy all the time
Él/Usted/ Ella – Ella está haciendo su tarea
He/you/She is doing her homework
Nosotros estamos felices de estar aquí
We are happy to be here.
¿Vosotros estáis enfermos?
Are you sick?
Ellos, Ustedes – ¿Ustedes están tomando clases de español?
Are you taking Spanish classes?
The Spanish irregular verb SER (to be) in the present tense
SER is the second form of the verb to be in Spanish and it is also an irregular verb. Unlike ESTAR, SER is used to describe things like rooms and parts of the house, to describe people, to talk about the time, nationalities and many other things. SER will change completely for some pronouns. The chart below shows how to conjugate the verb SER in the present tense for all pronouns.
|Examples with the irregular verb SER in Spanish (to be)|
Yo soy tu hermano
I am your brother
Tú eres muy inteligente
You are very smart
Vos sos mi mejor amigo
You are my best friend
Él, Ella, Usted – Usted es mi maestro favorito.
You are mi favorite teacher
Nosotros somos de Japón
We are from Japan
Vosotros sois tan talentosos.
You are so talented
Ustedes/Ellos – ¿Ellos son tus amigos?
Are they your friends?
The Spanish irregular verb IR (to go) in the present tense
IR (to go) is a very important and common as well. We may use it in simple sentences or as an auxiliary for the future tense, especially for making plans just the same as the structure “going to” in English. IR will also change totally when conjugated for all the pronouns in the present tense. The chart below shows how to conjugate IR.
|Examples with the irregular verb IR in Spanish (to go)|
(Yo) voy a la casa de mis padres casa fin de semana
I go to my parent’s house every weekend
Tú vas al cine cada jueves
You go to the movies every Thursday
Ella, Él, Usted – Él va a terminar eso mañana.
He is going to finish that tomorrow
Nosotros vamos a la playa en verano
We go to the beach in summer
¿Vosotros váis ahí a menudo?
Do you go there often?
Ellos/Ustedes – Ellos van a jugar hoy.
They are going to play today
A list of common Spanish irregular verbs in the present tense
There are many other verbs apart from the three we just mentioned. Some will be covered in separate lessons as there is a lot to say about them. For now, here is a list of irregular verbs in Spanish, “verbos irregulares”. Listen by clicking on the PLAY button.
|A list of basic irregular verbs in Spanish|
Tener – Yo tengo, tú tienes, él tiene, nosotros tenemos, vosotros tenéis, ellos tienen
To have – I have, you have, he has, we have, you have, they have
Dar – Yo doy, tú das, él/ella da, nosotros damos, vosotros dais, ellos/ustedes dan
To give – I give, you give, he/she gives, we give, you give, they/you give
Hacer – Yo hago, tú haces, él hace, nosotros hacemos, vosotros hacéis, ellos hacen
To do – I do, you do, he does, we do, you do, they do
Caer – Yo caigo, tú caes, él cae, nosotros caemos, vosotros caéis, ellos caen
To fall – I fall, you fall, he falls, we fall, you fall, they fall
Salir – Yo salgo, tú sales, ella sale, nosotros salimos, vosotros salís, ellos salen
To go out – I go out, you go out, she goes out, we go out, you go out, they go out
Saber – Yo sé, tú sabes, él sabe, nosotros sabemos, vosotros sabéis, ellos/ustedes salen
To know – I know, you know, he knows, we know, you know, they know
Ver – Yo veo, tú ves, él ve, nosotros vemos, ustedes, ellos ven
To see – I see, you see, he sees, we see, you see, they see
More sample sentences:
1. Ellos hacen sus tareas solos. (They do their homework by themselves)
2. Yo tengo 2 hijos y ellos tienen tres (I have 2 children and they have 3)
3. Yo se que tú tienes la razón. (I know you’ve got the reason)