How to use common Spanish irregular verbs in sentences (list + examples)

Unlike Spanish regular verbs, Spanish irregular verbs do not follow the pattern to modify the ending of verbs that regular verbs do. However, some of these irregular verbs in Spanish are very important for different purposes including conversations and written works. In this grammar lesson we will learn how to use some basic Spanish irregular verbs in the present tense in real sentences and questions.

What are irregular verbs in Spanish? – Los verbos irregulares

Spanish irregular verbs are a special type of Spanish verbs that do not follow the regular conjugation rules for other verbs, even the ones about stem changing verbs and spelling changes. They are “verbos irregulares” in Spanish. The problem is that some of these verbs are very common in the language so we have to memorize the proper conjugation for each Spanish subject pronoun. Some of these irregular verbs only change their form with certain pronouns but follow the rules with others. The following picture illustrates the main difference between Spanish irregular and regular verbs. Cick on the picture to enlarge it.

The grammar rules to conjugate Spanish irregular verbs in the present tense in Spanish

Conjugating spanish irregular verbs

Conjugating the Spanish irregular verb IR (to go) in the present tense

“Ir” (to go) is a very important and common irregular verb in Spanish. We may use it in simple sentences or as an auxiliary for the future tense in Spanish, the same as “going to” in English. Here are some examples using “ir”(to go):

Spanish pronoun English sentence Spanish sentence using “ir”(to go) Listen
Yo I go to my parent’s house every weekend (Yo) voy a la casa de mis padres casa fin de semana
Tú, Vos You go to the movies every Thursday vas al cine cada jueves
Él, ella, usted He is going to finish that tomorrow Él va a terminar eso mañana.
Nosotros We go to the beach in summer Nosotros vamos a la playa en verano
Vosotros Do you go there often? ¿Vosotros váis ahí a menudo?
Ellos, ustedes They are going to play today Ellos van a jugar hoy.

Conjugating the Spanish irregular verb ESTAR (to be) in the present tense

“Estar” is another common irregular verb in Spanish and it is actually one of the first ones you should learn in Spanish. Estar is one of the forms of the verb to be in Spanish and it is used to talk about states or locations. It is commonly used to talk about feelings and emotions in Spanish too. This verb is also an auxiliary to make sentences in the present progressive in Spanish. Here are some sentences using the different conjugations for “estar” in Spanish:

Spanish pronoun English sentence Spanish sentence using “estar”(to be) Listen
Yo I am angry Estoy enojado
Tú, Vos You are busy all the time estás ocupada todo el tiempo
Él, ella, usted She is doing her homework Ella está haciendo su tarea
Nosotros We are happy to be here. Nosotros estamos felices de estar aquí
Vosotros Are you sick? ¿Vosotros estáis enfermos?
Ellos, ustedes Are you taking Spanish classes? ¿Ustedes están tomando clases de español?

Conjugating the Spanish irregular verb SER (to be) in the present tense

“Ser” is the second form of the verb to be in Spanish and it is also an irregular verb. Unlike “Estar”, ser is used to describe things or people in Spanish, of course using adjectives as complements. It is also used to talk about the time in Spanish, nationalities and many other things. Here are some sentences using the different conjugations of ser in Spanish:

Spanish pronoun English sentence Spanish sentence using “ser”(to be) Listen
Yo I am your brother Yo soy tu hermano
You are very smart Eres muy inteligente
Vos You are my best friend Vos sos mi mejor amigo
Él, ella, usted You are mi favorite teacher Usted es mi maestro favorito.
Nosotros We are from Japan Nosotros somos de Japón
Vosotros You are so talented Vosotros sois tan talentosos.
Ellos, ustedes Are they your friends? ¿Ellos son tus amigos?

A list of common Spanish irregular verbs in the present tense

Verbo Significado Yo Él, ella Nosotros Vosotros Ellos, Uds. Listen
Tener Have Tengo Tienes Tiene Tenemos Tenéis Tienen
Dar Give Doy Das Da Damos Dais Dan
Hacer Do/Make Hago Haces Hace Hacemos Hacéis Hacen
Caer Fall Caigo Caes Cae Caemos Caéis Caen
Salir Go out/leave Salgo Sales Sale Salimos Salís Salen
Saber Know Sabes Sabe Sabemos Sabéis Saben
Ver See Veo Ves Ve Vemos Veis Ven

Examples:

  1. Ellos hacen sus tareas solos. (They do their homework by themselves)
  2. Yo tengo 2 hijos y ellos tienen 3. (I have 2 children and they have 3)
  3. Yo se que tú tienes la razón. (I know you’ve got the reason)

Practicing Spanish irregular verbs

The irregular verbs in the table are the most common ones in Spanish, especially “estar”, “ser”, “tener” and “ir”. Complete the following sentences with the right form of each irregular verb in Spanish. Practice these "verbos irregulares" and the rest in the list by creating your own Spanish sentences “usando tu imaginación”.Press “START” to begin the quiz.
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