- What are irregular verbs in Spanish? – Los verbos irregulares
- Conjugating the Spanish irregular verb ESTAR (to be) in the present tense
- Conjugating the Spanish irregular verb SER (to be) in the present tense
- Conjugating the Spanish irregular verb IR (to go) in the present tense
- A list of common Spanish irregular verbs in the present tense
Unlike Spanish regular verbs, Spanish irregular verbs do not follow the rules that regular verbs do. However, some of these irregular verbs in Spanish are widely used in a daily basis. In this grammar lesson you will learn some very common irregular verbs in Spanish in the present tense and the basics to use them in real sentences and questions. There are many examples, important tips and other resources that will make the lesson very interesting.
What are irregular verbs in Spanish? – Los verbos irregulares
Spanish irregular verbs, los verbos irregulares, are a special type of verbs that do not follow the conjugation rules for regular verbs in Spanish like AMAR and VIVIR, for which we would change only the ending -AR and -IR for all the pronouns. The verb SER, for instance, will be conjugated as SOY for the pronoun YO and that is very different to the original form of the verb. Irregular verbs are very common in the Spanish language so to use them we must memorize their conjugations, although some of them only change their form for some pronouns, but not for others. In general irregular verbs change their stem and ending in an unpredictable way.
Conjugating the Spanish irregular verb ESTAR (to be) in the present tense
ESTAR is a common irregular verb in Spanish and it is actually one of the first ones you should learn in Spanish. Estar is one of the forms of the verb to be in Spanish and it is used to talk about states, feelings, actions in progress and locations. If ESTAR were are a regular verb in Spanish, then for the pronoun YO we would say [EST + O] but since it is an irregular verb then it will actually become ESTOY as in YO ESTOY. The chart below shows the conjugations for ESTAR in Spanish in the present tense for all the pronouns. Please check the related lesson to learn more about this verb.
|Sentences in Spanish using the irregular verb ESTAR(to be)|
Yo estoy enojado
I am angry
Tú estás/Vos estás ocupada todo el tiempo
You are busy all the time
Él/Usted/ Ella – Ella está haciendo su tarea
He/you/She is doing her homework
Nosotros estamos felices de estar aquí
We are happy to be here.
¿Vosotros estáis enfermos?
Are you sick?
Ellos, Ustedes – ¿Ustedes están tomando clases de español?
Are you taking Spanish classes?
Conjugating the Spanish irregular verb SER (to be) in the present tense
SER is the second form of the verb to be in Spanish and it is also an irregular verb. Unlike ESTAR, SER is used to describe things like rooms and parts of the house, to describe people in Spanish and many other things. It is also used to talk about the time in Spanish, nationalities and many other things. The conjugation for the pronoun to for SER changes the form of the verb completely to ERES. The chart below shows how to conjugate the verb SER in the present tense for all subject pronouns in Spanish.
|Sentences and questions in Spanish using the irregular verb SER (to be)|
Yo soy tu hermano
I am your brother
Tú eres muy inteligente
You are very smart
Vos sos mi mejor amigo
You are my best friend
Él, Ella, Usted – Usted es mi maestro favorito.
You are mi favorite teacher
Nosotros somos de Japón
We are from Japan
Vosotros sois tan talentosos.
You are so talented
Ustedes/Ellos – ¿Ellos son tus amigos?
Are they your friends?
Conjugating the Spanish irregular verb IR (to go) in the present tense
IR (to go) is a very important and common irregular verb in Spanish. We may use it in simple sentences or as an auxiliary for the future tense in Spanish, especially for making plans in Spanish just the same as going to in English. IR will also change totally when conjugated for all the pronouns in the present tense. The chart below shows how to conjugate IR in Spanish.
|Sentences and questions in Spanish using the irregular verb IR (to go)|
(Yo) voy a la casa de mis padres casa fin de semana
I go to my parent’s house every weekend
Tú vas al cine cada jueves
You go to the movies every Thursday
Ella, Él, Usted – Él va a terminar eso mañana.
He is going to finish that tomorrow
Nosotros vamos a la playa en verano
We go to the beach in summer
¿Vosotros váis ahí a menudo?
Do you go there often?
Ellos/Ustedes – Ellos van a jugar hoy.
They are going to play today
A list of common Spanish irregular verbs in the present tense
There are many other irregular verbs in Spanish, some which you will see a lot in future lessons. Some will be covered in separate lessons as there is a lot to say about them. For now, here is a list of irregular verbs in Spanish and how to conjugate them for all the pronouns in Spanish. Listen by clicking on the PLAY button.
|Common irregular verbs in Spanish and their conjugation|
Tener – Yo tengo, tú tienes, él tiene, nosotros tenemos, vosotros tenéis, ellos tienen
To have – I have, you have, he has, we have, you have, they have
Dar – Yo doy, tú das, él/ella da, nosotros damos, vosotros dais, ellos/ustedes dan
To give – I give, you give, he/she gives, we give, you give, they/you give
Hacer – Yo hago, tú haces, él hace, nosotros hacemos, vosotros hacéis, ellos hacen
To do – I do, you do, he does, we do, you do, they do
Caer – Yo caigo, tú caes, él cae, nosotros caemos, vosotros caéis, ellos caen
To fall – I fall, you fall, he falls, we fall, you fall, they fall
Salir – Yo salgo, tú sales, ella sale, nosotros salimos, vosotros salís, ellos salen
To go out – I go out, you go out, she goes out, we go out, you go out, they go out
Saber – Yo sé, tú sabes, él sabe, nosotros sabemos, vosotros sabéis, ellos/ustedes salen
To know – I know, you know, he knows, we know, you know, they know
Ver – Yo veo, tú ves, él ve, nosotros vemos, ustedes, ellos ven
To see – I see, you see, he sees, we see, you see, they see
Sentences using irregular verbs in Spanish
1. Ellos hacen sus tareas solos. (They do their homework by themselves)
2. Yo tengo 2 hijos y ellos tienen tres (I have 2 children and they have 3)
3. Yo se que tú tienes la razón. (I know you’ve got the reason)