Just like in the English language, there are rules for tenses and verbs in Spanish. The present tense itself has three major conjugation moods: indicative, subjunctive and imperative mode. This lesson will cover how to conjugate Spanish regular verbs in the present tense in the indicative mood, which is one of the simplest and the most commonl mood in the language. We have included a video with interesting examples and explanations, as well as a lot of some other useful resources. Let’s begin…
Introductory video: Spanish regular verbs – Los verbos regulares
Spanish regular verbs are very common in every day interactions and they are extremely useful in many situations. Here is a video explaining how they work and how to conjugate these verbs in the present tense in Spanish. Remember you can activate the subtitles if you need to translate or check writing. Make sure to stick until the end of the video to understand the rules presented later more easily.
Video quiz: Los verbos regulares en el presente
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- Question 1 of 5
Terminación de los verbos: What are the three possible endings for Spanish verbs?CorrectIncorrect
- Question 2 of 5
For the verb BAILAR (to dance), which would be the stem or RAIZ?CorrectIncorrect
- Question 3 of 5
Please complete the conjugations for the verb AMAR.
- Yo am (o)
- Tú am (as)
- Él am (a)
- Nosotros am (amos)
- Ellos am (an)
- Question 4 of 5
Please complete the conjugations for the verb VENDER.
- Yo vend (o)
- Tú vend (es)
- Él vend (e)
- Ella vend (e)
- Nosotros vend (emos)
- Ustedes vend (en)
- Ellos vend (en)
- Question 5 of 5
Please complete the conjugations for the verb ABRIR.
- Yo abr (o)
- Tú abr (es)
- Él abr (e)
- Nosotros abr (imos)
- Ellos abr (en)
Difference between Regular and Irregular Verbs in Spanish
All verbs have something called RAÍZ or stem at the beginning like AM- in AMAR. Most Spanish regular verbs do not change their stem when conjugated, just their ending which in the case of AMAR is -AR. That is the reason why they are called “verbos regulares”. The ending will change depending on the subject pronoun or the number and gender of the noun that plays the role of subject in the sentence. The picture below shows the basic differences between regular and irregular verbs in Spanish. It also explains how to conjugate “AMAR” (to love) and “SER” (to be).
Spanish regular verbs with AR ending
First, we will learn the conjugation rules for Spanish regular verbs with AR endings like AMAR (to love), BESAR (to kiss) and PLANEAR (to plan). All the letters, except for the AR ending, are part of the stem or “raíz del verbo” in the language. The last part of the verb will change depending on the subject, which means that if we are using the pronoun YO plus AMAR, we have to say “Yo amo” not “Yo amar” changing the suffix -AR to -O.
Basically, you just need to replace the AR ending for a form that suits the subject. Something to point out is that we do not need to use a pronoun all the time. In fact, they could be omitted in most sentences and the meaning would stay the same. What matters is to use the right conjugation for the subject we are referring to, even if we do not mention it. Other common Spanish regular verbs with AR ending are: CAMINAR (to walk), CANTAR (to sing), LUCHAR (to fight), ABRAZAR (to hug), BAILAR (to dance), TOMAR (to take/to drink), BAÑAR (to bathe) and CUIDAR (to take care). Below, you can see the way these rules are applied to the verb AMAR. Click on the PLAY to listen to the examples
Sentences with Spanish regular verbs with AR ending
Yo amo la poesía
I love poetry
Tú amas la música
You love music
Vos amás tocar guitarra
You love playing guitar
Ella ama a su marido
She loves her husband
Nosotros amamos ver películas
We love watching movies
Vosotros amáis el clima
You love the weather
Ellos aman a su país
They love their country
Spanish regular verbs with ER ending
The second type of verbs is those whose infinitive form ends in ER like COMER (to eat) and BEBER (to drink). Other common regular verbs ending in ER in Spanish are: LEER (to read), CORRER (to run), DEPENDER (to depend), TEMER (to fear), COSER(to sew), APRENDER (to learn), VENDER (to sell).
Know that it is possible to substitute the pronoun for a name or an object that agrees with it, for example: Ana (Ella), La flauta (ella), El perro (Él) and so on. Here are some more examples applying the rules for Spanish regular verbs with ER ending to COMER (to eat). Try to use the audio examples to practice your pronunciation.
Sentences in Spanish with ER ending verbs in the present tense
Yo como bastantes verduras
I eat a lot of vegetables
¿Tú comes carne de cerdo?
Do you eat pork?
Vos comés demasiado
You eat too much
El perro come todo tipo de comida
The dog eats all type of food
Nosotros comemos juntos todos los días
We eat together every day
Vosotros coméis cosas deliciosas
You eat delicious food
Las aves (Ellas) comen varias veces al día
Birds eat several times a day
Spanish regular verbs with IR ending
The third type of regular verbs is those whose infinitive form ends in IR like VIVIR (to live). Again, we will replace the IR ending depending on the subject of the sentence. Notice that the letters for these endings are actually very similar for the three different conjugations, with the variation of a vowel or a tilde. Being aware of these similarities may help you use these rules more easily.
Some important Spanish regular verbs with IR ending are: ABRIR (to open), PARTIR (to divide/to chop), PERMITIR (to allow/to permit), DECIDIR (to decide), SUBIR (to go up/to raise) and RECIBIR (to get/to obtain).
Sentences with regular verbs ending in IR in Spanish
Vivo en un pueblo cercano
I live in a town nearby
¿Vives en la misma ciudad?
Do you live in the same city?
Vos vivís en un lugar muy bonito
You live in a very nice place
Carlos vive con su mamá
Carlos lives with her mother
Nosotros vivimos en otro país
We live in another country
Vosotros vivís en buenas condiciones
You live in good conditions
¿Quiénes viven contigo?
Who lives with you?