Describing the Weather in Spanish & Forecasting

The weather, “el clima”, is a very interesting topic to talk about. In our previous lesson we introduced different Spanish weather expressions and discussed several examples on how to use the verbs ESTAR, SER, HABER and others to talk about the weather. We created a lot of sentences before, but we haven’t actually developed on describing the weather in Spanish at a specific time or place, so we will put all the pieces together in this lesson to make it more communicative and will also teach you the basics to write a Spanish weather forecast or report. Comencemos…

Describing the weather in Spanish and weather forecasts script
Describiendo el clima y haciendo pronósticos del tiempo

Describing the weather in Spanish using SER, ESTAR and common phrases

ESTAR + weather conditions in Spanish

As we mentioned in the previous lesson, you can use several types of verbs and expressions for describing the weather in Spanish at given moment, some of which will be reviewed so that the descriptions provided make sense to you. First, we use both “El clima” and “El tiempo” to refer to the weather. The verb ESTAR is probably the easiest to talk about weather conditions as all we just need to say “El clima está + a weather condition”, being these weather conditions words such as “soleado, nublado, frío, caliente, lluvioso” and so on.

Instead of “El clima” it is possible to use the expression “El día…” or even a season such as “El verano”. Tenses are really important too, especially when it comes to describing the weather in Spanish in the past or present,not to mention the future tense for a Spanish weather forecast. Check the first example and try to analyze how ESTAR is used for weather descriptions.

Describing the weather in Spanish using ESTAR – Decribiendo el clima
Hoy el clima está muy agradable. Afuera está cálido y soleado, así que puedo salir a comprar algunas cosas y salir a caminar. La temperatura está a 32 grados celcius. No está tan caliente. Ha estado lloviendo en las ultimas semanas. Ayer llovió en la mañana, así que espero que hoy no llueva. Yo creo que el año pasado llovió más que este año.
Read translation
Today the weather is very nice. It is warm and sunny outside, so I can go out and buy some things and take a walk. The temperature is 32 degrees It is not so hot. It has been raining in recent weeks. Yesterday it rained in the morning, so I hope it will not rain today. I think last year it rained more than this year.

SER + weather conditions in Spanish

Basically, ESTAR will be used to describe weather conditions that will change regularly as this verb is normally used to represent states. However, we will use SER to talk about the normal weather in a town or any other place in a given season or time of the year, e.g. “El clima es agradable en esta ciudad” (the weather is nice in this city) or “El clima es muy helado en el invierno” (the weather is very cold in the winter).

It is also possible to explain why a specific weather event or condition is happening using “debido a”, “por” and “porque” as in “El clima es muy agradable la mayoría del tiempo, pero hoy está lloviendo mucho debido al huracán”. This last long sentence explains that the weather is nice most of the time, but it has been raining a lot (using ESTAR not SER) due to a huge storm (una tormenta gigante). Let’s see how both ESTAR and SER are used for describing the weather in Spanish.

Describing the weather in Spanish with SER and ESTAR – Decribiendo el clima
El tiempo es bastante agradable en los países tropicales. Algunas personas piensan que es muy caliente. En la estación seca el clima es bastante caliente en los meses de abril y mayo. Al comenzar la estación lluviosa, las temperaturas bajan un poco. La estación lluviosa es cálida también. A veces el cielo está nublado y a veces está lloviendo mucho debido a los huracanes y tormentas. Diciembre y enero son meses muy fríos.
Read translation
The weather is quite nice in tropical countries. Some people think it is very hot. In the dry season the weather is quite hot in the months of April and May. When the rainy season begins, the temperatures go down a little. The rainy season is warm too. Sometimes it is cloudy and sometimes it’s raining a lot due to hurricanes and storms. December and January are very cold months.

Writing a script for a Spanish weather forecast – El pronóstico del clima

In order to make a Spanish weather forecast we must use the future tense. For forecasting, you will need verbs such as “caer” (to fall), “llover” (rain), “continuar” (continue), “ir” (to go), “subir” (go up) and “bajar”(go down), “mover” (to move). The easiest way to transform these verbs in the future tense is by adding either “-A” or “-AN” at the end of the verb, for example:

Present: En este pueblo llueve todos los días (It rains every day in this town)
Future: Lloverá todos los días. (It will rain every day)

Spanish weather forecasts also contain words such as “temperatura”, “lluvia”(rain), “nieve”(snow), “precipitaciones” (precipitation) and many other. Most of the time you will hear a combination of different tenses in order to compare the temperatures from previous days with new ones or to compare other weather conditions. Make sure to add tilde to the last vowel of the verbs in the future when they finish in vowels, e.g. “caerá” when you are writing a description or a weather forecast script. Let’s see all this in an example.

A Script for a Weather Forecast in Spanish  – El pronóstico del tiempo
Hoy tendremos un día muy bueno con temperaturas normales que van desde 30 grados en el norte del país hasta 34 en el sur. El cielo estará despejado y no lloverá, a diferencia de los días anteriores. El clima continuará soleado por un par de días más. El fin de semana comenzará a llover de nuevo debido a una tormenta tropical que se desplaza por el oceano Atlántico y llegará al país el viernes por la noche.
Spanish weather forecast script translation
Today we will have a very good day with normal temperatures ranging from 30 degrees north to 34 south. Clear skies and no rain, unlike the previous days. The weather will stay sunny for a couple of days. On weekend, it will begin raining again due to a tropical storm that is moving across the Atlantic Ocean and will arrive to the country on Friday night.

Listening Activity: Talking about the weather in Spanish

Listen to a short conversation between two friends who are talking about the weather in Spanish in a town and the weather forecast. Please take notes of the information you consider important to solve the interactive quiz related to the conversation. Press “Play” when you are ready.

Key expressions in the conversation:
1. Por fin means “At last”
2. Eso fue lo que escuché… means “That’s what I heard”

“Mis vacaciones de verano”

This short quiz will test your ability to listen and understand the content of the previous conversations. Read each question carefully and find the right answer. Press “START” when you are ready.
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Conversation script: El clima
Alex: Por fin llegó el verano… Planeo disfrutar mucho las vacaciones… ¿Qué piensas hacer tú?
Mercedes: Este verano voy a visitar a mis abuelos con mi mamá…
Alex: ¿Cómo es el clima en ese lugar?
Mercedes: Como es en el norte del país el clima es muy fresco normalmente, pero ahorita está un poco caliente por el verano.
Alex: ¿De veras? Yo escuché que aquí habrá poco viento y el clima estará caliente la próxima semana.
Mercedes: Eso fue lo que escuché. Hoy está despejado y cálido, aunque la verdad es que yo prefiero la lluvia y la nieve.
Alex: A mí me gusta más el verano porque puedo ir a nadar a la playa.
Mercedes: Es divertido, pero el año pasado hubo varios incendios forestales en el verano.
Alex: Espero que eso no pase este año.

What’s the weather forecast in Spanish?

Completing a Spanish weather forecast - El pronóstico del clima

The following sentences are part of a weather forecast in Spanish. Complete each sentence with the right form of the verb or exppression. You will need the simple past and the future in this quiz. Press “START” to begin the quiz.
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Do some research about the weather in your town and write a script for Spanish weather forecast using your own information. Make sure to check the examples in this lesson and use other verbs if necessary. ¡Hasta pronto!





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