The vocabulary for the house is really important in everyday conversations. In this lesson, we will cover the vocabulary for rooms and parts of the house in Spanish, “las habitaciones y partes de la casa”, and see how these words could be used in real situations. You will learn the basics to use the verb HABER in its form HAY, the verb TENER, ESTAR plus prepositions of place for rooms in the house and SER for simple descriptions. Let’s begin…
Vocabulary introduction: Rooms and parts of the house in Spanish
The word HOUSE can be translated as LA CASA and room as HABITACION/CUARTO. “Parts of the house” is simply translated into “Las partes de la Casa” so this lesson is about “Habitaciones y partes de la casa”. The key vocabulary for rooms and parts of the house in Spanish will be introduced through the short video below. Do not worry if you cannot remember all the words in the video as they will be used later in several examples. Please activate the subtitles (available in two languages) if you need them.
Basic grammar rules to talk about house objects in Spanish
First, words like VENTANA and BAÑOS are all nouns. Spanish nouns have a number (singular or plural) and gender (masculine and feminine) associated, which basically means that words ending in -A are feminine, whereas words ending in –O are masculine; also by adding –S or -ES we are making words plural. Thus, a word like VENTANA is a feminine singular noun, but BAÑOS is a masculine plural noun.
Second, we normally use the definite articles EL, LA, LOS, LAS before parts of the house in Spanish, similarly to the way THE is used in English. The only difference is that in Spanish, there are four different words for THE and the one we choose depends on the number and gender of the noun they accompany. That being said, for a singular feminine noun like CASA, we would use LA and say LA CASA, but for a masculine plural noun like CUARTOS, we would use LOS and say LOS CUARTOS.
Making simple sentences with rooms in the house in Spanish
It is time to see the vocabulary for rooms and parts of the house in Spanish in meaningful sentences. In order to talk about certain parts of the house in Spanish, we can use two irregular verbs: TENER (to have) and HABER (there is/there), the last in its form HAY.
HAY + rooms in the house in Spanish and objects
We use HAY to refer to one object or many, e.g. “Hay una puerta” and “Hay varias ventanas”. HAY needs an indefinite article such as “un, una, unos,unas”, which has to agree in number and gender with the object being described. If we want to talk about a single object, we use the structure:
Hay + un/una + objeto + preposición de lugar + el/la/las/los + rooms in the house in Spanish
An example following this structure is “Hay una ventana en la sala”. If we want to talk about several objects we change un and una for a quantifier like varios (several), muchos (many), or even numbers as in “Hay dos ventanas en la cocina”. Here are a few examples using HAY:
PUERTA – Hay tres puertas en la casa.
There are three doors in the house
VENTANA – Hay una ventana en la sala.
There is a window in the living room
PISO – Hay juguetes sobre el piso.
There are some toys on the floor
SÓTANO – Hay un sótano en la casa.
There is basement in the house
HABITACIÓN – Hay habitaciones en el segundo piso.
There are rooms on the second floor (use PRIMER PISO for first floor)
TENER + parts of the house in Spanish
The verb TENER (to have) can be used in addition to parts of the house in Spanish to say what objects a room has. TENER is an irregular verb so some of the conjugations change a little, but in general it is easy to use. We may use the demonstrative pronouns ESTE and ESTA for sentences like “Esta casa tiene dos habitaciones” and “Este baño tiene una ventana”. In general for the house, we would use it following the structure:
Article or demonstrative pronoun + rooms in the house in Spanish + Tener (conjugated) + un/una (or quantifier) + object
CASA – Yo tengo una casa grande.
I have a big house
GARAJE – La casa tiene garaje (no need to use un or una before garaje)
Garage – The house has a garage
VENTANA – La cocina tiene una ventana
Window – The house has a window
SALA DE ESTAR – La sala tiene mucho espacio
Living room – the living room has a lot of space
JARDÍN – La casa tiene un jardín bonito.
The house has a beautiful garden
ESTAR+ rooms location
The verb ESTAR is frequently used to say in which floor something is. In order to do so, we need prepositions of place to indicate the position of a room or object from another’s location as in “La sala está junto a la cocina” (the living room is next to the kitchen). In the examples for HAY presented above, we also used the prepositions of place EN and SOBRE.
COMEDOR – El comedor está en el piso de abajo.
The dining room is on the floor below this one
Balcón – El balcón está en el segundo piso
BALCONY – The balcony is on the second floor
BAÑO – El (cuarto de) baño está junto al cuarto.
The bathroom is next to the bedroom
PATIO – El patio está detrás de las habitaciones
Yard – The yard is behind the rooms
ESTUDIO – El estudio está frente a la sala
Study – The study is behind the living room
Describing parts of the house in Spanish with SER + adjectives
Finally, we use the irregular verb SER (another form of to be) plus an adjective to describe something or someone, in this case to describe rooms and parts of the house in Spanish. SER will be used as ES for singular nouns and SON for plural nouns, for example: La casa es bonita (Bonita is the adjective here). Basically we will use the structure:
Object + SER (in its forms ES or SON) + adjective
ESCALERAS – Las escaleras son incomodas.
The stairs are comfortable
PARED – Las paredes de esta habitación son rosadas.
The walls of this room are pink
CIELO RASO – El cielo raso de esta casa es blanco.
The ceiling of this house is white
TECHO – El techo es de buena calidad.
The roof is of good quality.
PASILLO – El pasillo es angosto.
The hallway is narrow.
The vocabulary and sentence structure for the house in Spanish
We are almost over with the lesson. Remember to check the vocabulary for rooms and parts of the house in Spanish again, and more importantly, the sentence structures that are often used when talking about these objects. Before you go, please solve this quiz and test yourself to see if you understood the main points presented in this lesson. ¡Buena suerte! y ¡Hasta pronto!
Related Spanish Worksheets:
- The House and Prepositions of Place – Spanish Worksheet PDF
- Rooms and Parts of the House in Spanish: PDF Worksheet
- House objects and Furniture in Spanish – PDF Worksheet
- Describing Houses and Apartments – Spanish Dialogues in PDF