Rooms and Parts of The House in Spanish

The vocabulary for the house is really important in everyday conversations. In this lesson, we will cover the vocabulary for rooms and parts of the house in Spanish, “las habitaciones y partes de la casa”, and see how these words could be used in real situations. You will learn the basics to use the verb HABER in its form HAY, the verb TENER, ESTAR plus prepositions of place for rooms in the house and SER for simple descriptions.  Let’s begin…

Vocabulary introduction: Rooms and parts of the house in Spanish

The word HOUSE can be translated as LA CASA and room as HABITACION/CUARTO. “Parts of the house” is simply translated into “Las partes de la Casa” so this lesson is about “Habitaciones y partes de la casa”. The key vocabulary for rooms and parts of the house in Spanish will be introduced through the short video below. Do not worry if you cannot remember all the words in the video as they will be used later in several examples. Please activate the subtitles (available in two languages) if you need them.

Making sentences about rooms and parts of the house in Spanish

The gender and plural of the parts of the house.

First, words like VENTANA and BAÑOS are all nouns. Spanish nouns have a number (singular or plural) and gender (masculine and feminine) associated. Generally, many of the words ending in -A are feminine (cocina, sala), whereas words ending in –O are masculine (techo), as shown in these two examples:

  • La cocina es grande y la sala también. (The kitchen is large and so is the living room.)
  • El techo es un poco viejo, pero se puede arreglar. (The roof is a little old, but it can be fixed.)

Regarding grammatical number, we can transform the words from singular to plural by adding -S or -ES. By following this rule, a part of the house like VENTANA is considered a singular feminine noun, but when we add -S, we transform it into plural form, just like this:

  • Me encanta este tipo de ventanas en la casa. (I love these types of windows in the house.)
  • Las habitaciones tienen buena iluminación. (The rooms have good lighting.)
Rooms and parts of the house in Spanish

Definite and indefinite articles + the house

Second, we normally use the definite articles EL, LA, LOS, LAS before parts of the house in Spanish, similarly to the way THE is used in English. The only difference is that in Spanish, there are four different words for THE and the one we choose depends on the number and gender of the noun they accompany, as illustrated in these four examples:

  • Singular/Masculino: El ático es un poco espacioso. (The attic is a bit spacious.)
  • Singular/Femenino: La puerta es de madera. (It is a wooden door.)
  • Plural/Masculino: Los pasillos son angostos. (The hallways are narrow.)
  • Plural/Femenino: Hay que subir las escaleras. (We have to go up the stairs.)

Similarly, we could use indefinite articles (UN, UNA, UNOS, UNAS) to talk about the same topic, always taking into account the gender and number of the noun:

  • Singular/Femenino: Hay una habitación en el segundo piso. (There is a room on the second floor.)
  • Plural/Femenino: Hay unas puertas que deben ser reemplazadas. (There are some doors that need to be replaced.)

HAY + rooms and house objects in Spanish

It is time to see the vocabulary for rooms and parts of the house in Spanish in meaningful sentences. In order to talk about certain parts of the house in Spanish, we can use two irregular verbs: TENER (to have), SER/ESTAR (to be) and HABER (there is/there), the last in its form HAY.

  • Hay un garaje con espacio para dos autos. (There is a garage with space for two cars.)
  • Hay tres baños en la casa. (There are three bathrooms in the house.)

When using HAY, we must use an indefinite article or some equivalent adverb such as “muchos, varios, pocos….” (many, several, a few) that agrees in number and gender of the object being described. Additionally, we could use prepositions of place to indicate the location of one room or object in relation to another, just as shown below:

  • Hay una ventana en la sala de estar. (There is a window in the living room.)
  • Hay un hermoso jardín frente a la entrada. (There is a beautiful garden in front of the entrance.)
  • Hay una cabaña justo a la piscina. (There is a cabana next to the pool.)

As we mentioned before, if we want to talk about several objects we can change “UN/UNA” for a quantifier such as varios (several), muchos (many) or even numbers as in the sentence “Hay una ventana en la sala” (There are two windows in the kitchen). These are some example sentences with HAY using the vocabulary for rooms and parts of the house in Spanish.

PUERTA – Hay tres puertas en la casa.
There are three doors in the house
VENTANA – Hay una ventana en la sala.
There is a window in the living room
PISO – Hay juguetes sobre el piso.
There are some toys on the floor
SÓTANO – Hay un sótano en la casa.
There is basement in the house
HABITACIÓN – Hay habitaciones en el segundo piso.
There are rooms on the second floor (use PRIMER PISO for first floor)

TENER + parts of the house in Spanish

The verb TENER (to have) can be used in addition to parts of the house in Spanish to say what objects a room has. TENER is an irregular verb, and for this reason you should memorize its forms for the present tense at first: yo tengo, tú tienes, él tiene, nosotros tenemos, vosotros tenéis, ellos tienen. We may use the demonstrative pronouns ESTE and ESTA for sentences, just like this:

  • Esta casa tiene dos habitaciones. (This house has two rooms.)
  • Ese baño tiene una ventana. (That bathroom has a window.)

Next, read and listen to a set of sentences using the verb TENER in Spanish to talk about the house:

CASA – Yo tengo una casa grande.
I have a big house
GARAJE – La casa tiene garaje (no need to use un or una before garaje)
Garage – The house has a garage
VENTANA – La cocina tiene una ventana
Window – The house has a window
SALA DE ESTAR – La sala tiene mucho espacio
Living room – the living room has a lot of space
JARDÍN – La casa tiene un jardín bonito.
The house has a beautiful garden

The verb ESTAR and the location of things in the house

The verb ESTAR is frequently used to tell people the location of objects or rooms in the house. In order to do so, we will also need prepositions of place to say where something is in relation to another object, just the way showed in the examples with HAY previously. Take a look at the following examples:

  • La sala está junto a la cocina (The living room is next to the kitchen).
  • El porche está frente a la calle. (The porch faces the street.)
  • Las habitaciones están en el segundo piso. (The bedrooms are on the second floor.)

Pay attention to the following examples of sentences about the rooms and parts of the house in Spanish using ESTAR.

COMEDOR – El comedor está en el piso de abajo.
The dining room is on the floor below this one
Balcón – El balcón está en el segundo piso
BALCONY – The balcony is on the second floor
BAÑO – El (cuarto de) baño está junto al cuarto.
The bathroom is next to the bedroom
PATIO – El patio está detrás de las habitaciones
Yard – The yard is behind the rooms
ESTUDIO – El estudio está frente a la sala
Study – The study is behind the living room

Describing parts of the house in Spanish with SER + adjectives

Finally, we normally use the irregular verb SER (another form of to be) plus an adjective to describe something or someone, in this case to describe rooms and parts of the house in Spanish. SER will be used as ES for singular nouns and SON for plural nouns, for example: La casa es bonita (Bonita is the adjective here). Basically we will use the structure:

  • Un objeto: La casa es bonita y acogedora. (The house is beautiful and cozy.)
  • Dos o más objetos: Los baños son muy pequeños. (The bathrooms are very small.)

Listen to this last set of sentences about the house in Spanish using the verb SER.

ESCALERAS – Las escaleras son incomodas.
The stairs are comfortable
PARED – Las paredes de esta habitación son rosadas.
The walls of this room are pink
CIELO RASO – El cielo raso de esta casa es blanco.
The ceiling of this house is white
TECHO – El techo es de buena calidad.
The roof is of good quality.
PASILLO – El pasillo es angosto.
The hallway is narrow.

Practice time!

Before you go, please solve this quiz and test yourself to see if you understood the main points presented in this lesson.

We got to the end of this lesson. Remember to check the vocabulary for rooms and parts of the house in Spanish again, and more importantly, the sentence structures that are often used when talking about these objects. ¡Buena suerte! ¡Hasta pronto!

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