Personality Traits in Spanish: List, Phrases and Descriptions

¿Cómo describes tu personalidad? ¿Cómo eres? Those are two basic questions people will ask to know more about your personality in Spanish. There are many words you can learn for personality traits – “rasgos de personalidad” – and that is why we will learn some of these adjectives in this lesson. For this purpose, we have prepared several examples of conversations including key verbs like SER plus personality traits so that you also are able to describe your personality in Spanish. Comencemos…

A List of Personality traits in Spanish – Los Rasgos de personalidad

First of all, personality traits in Spanish are actually adjectives, so sentences with these words must follow noun-adjective agreement rules. Notice that the phrase RASGOS DE PERSONALIDAD is used to refer to personality traits. The words in the picture below are probably the most common personality traits you will hear in real life interactions, but we encourage you to find others and use them to describe your personality in Spanish and others as well. Luckily, some of these words are very alike to the ones used in English.

A list of personality traits in Spanish used to describe people's personality in Spanish
Los rasgos de personalidad

Talking about people’s personality in Spanish – La personalidad

Sentence structure to describe personality in Spanish

First, let’s discuss a little about the structure of sentences with personality traits in Spanish as used to describe people. In order to ask “what kind of person are you?”, use the questions ¿Cómo eres (tú)?, ¿Cómo es tu personalidad? or even ¿Qué tipo de persona eres?. Sentences describing personality in Spanish usually follow the structure:

Sujeto + ES/SON (from the verb SER) + adjective, eg. Ella es generosa. 

That being said, if you want to say something like “he is optimistic”, then you should say “Él es optimista” using ÉL as the subject of the sentence, ES as the main verb and OPTIMISTA as the personality trait. If you want to describe your personality in Spanish, then you should start with “Yo soy + adjetivos” or perhaps “(Yo) No soy + adjetivos”. In addition, you can say what kind of person you would like to be using “Me gustaría ser + adjetivo” (I would like to be…) or “Trataré de ser + adjetivo” (I will try to be…). See all of this in use in the sample conversation below:

Cintia: Estaba pensando ahorita sobre nuestra personalidad ¿Cómo describes tu personalidad?
Roger: Esa es una buena pregunta… No sé, yo diría que soy optimista, independiente, práctico, activo y alegre
Cintia: Si, yo creo que eres todo eso, pero tú también eres algo despistado.
Roger: Es cierto. A veces soy despistado, así que trataré de ser más cuidadoso como tú.
Conversation translation: what's your personality like in Spanish
Cynthia: I was thinking right now about our personality. How would you describe your personality?
Roger: That’s a good question … I do not know, I would say that I am optimistic, independent, practical, active and cheerful..
Cynthia: Yes, I think you are all of that too, but you are also somewhat absent-minded.
Roger: It’s true. Sometimes I’m clueless, so I will try to be more careful like you.

Synonyms and antonyms in Spanish – Los sinónimos y los antonimos

When someone asks you “¿Cómo eres?”, they could be asking about your physical appearance as well. A nice way to begin is with “Creo que soy…” (I think that…) or “Me parece que soy…” (I think I am) plus one or a list of personality traits in Spanish, e.g. “Creo que soy honesto, amable, servicial…”. If you want to know the other person’s opinion then you should ask ¿Qué opinas tú?

Something particularly interesting about adjectives is that they usually have antonyms and synonyms, “Sinónimos y Antónimos”. LOS SINÓNIMOS are words that mean the same or almost the same like INTELIGENTE and LISTO (smart), whereas LOS ANTÓNIMOS are words that mean the opposite like OPTIMISTA and PESIMISTA. Synoyms and antonyms are very easy to identify in the vocabulary for personality traits in Spanish. When people learn a language, creating associations make it easier to remember the new vocabulary.

Cintia: ¿Cómo eres?
Roger: ¿Cómo soy? Bien ¿Te refieres a mi apariencia física o a mi personalidad?
Cintia: A tu personalidad
Roger: Vaya, creo que soy reservado y muy sereno la mayoría del tiempo. Soy sociable cuando debo serlo e inteligente también. ¿Qué opinas tú?
Cintia: Pues sí, me parece que eres una persona ambiciosa y amistosa también, aunque algunas veces eres pesimista.
Roger: Tienes razón. Creo que debo ser más confiado y optimista en las cosas que hago.
Conversation translation: My personality in Spanish
Cintia: How are you?
Roger: How am I? Well, you mean my physical appearance or my personality?
Cintia Your personality
Roger: Well, I think I’m very quiet and serene most of the time. I am sociable when I should be and intelligent too. What do you think?
Cynthia: Well yeah, I think you’re an ambitious, friendly person, but sometimes you’re pessimistic.
Roger: You’re right. I think I should be more confident and optimistic in the things I do.

Activities people like and their personalities – Lo que te gusta y tu personalidad

Oftentimes, you can relate certain personality traits to the activities people normally like or dislike to do. For instance, if someone says “Me gustan escalar montañas” (I like to climb mountains…), then you could infer that he is “aventurero”. Last, the verb SENTIR (to feel) might be useful to talk about personality in Spanish in phrases like “Siento que soy…”. Listen the last sample conversation using all of the things we have explained so far.

Roger: Sabes, me gustaría saber más sobre tu personalidad ¿Cómo eres? o ¿Cómo sientes que eres?
Cintia: Qué te digo… bien, yo soy una chica generosa, aventurera y audaz. Me gustan los retos y me gusta compartir con otras personas. Soy muy imaginativa y creativa. Me encanta crear cosas nuevas y jugar con la imaginación. Hay días en los que siento que soy mal humorada…
Roger: Bueno, yo estoy de acuerdo con todo principalmente con lo de malhumorada. Al final, todos somos una combinación de rasgos de personalidad, de optimista a pesimista, de simpático a odioso pero eso es lo que nos hace interesantes.
Conversation translation: Personality description in Spanish and leisure activities
Roger: You know, I would like to know more about your personality How are you? o How do you feel you are?
Cintia: You say you … well, I’m a generous, adventurous and daring girl. I like challenges and I like to share with others. I am very imaginative and creative. I love creating new things and play with imagination. There are days when I feel that I am morose …
Roger: Well, I agree with mostly all of morose. In the end we are all a combination of personality traits, from optimistic to pessimistic, hateful sympathetic to but that’s what makes us interesting.

Listening Activity No. 1: Describing your personality in Spanish – ¿Cómo eres?

Listen to a conversation between two friends talking about personality in Spanish. This conversation includes some of the expressions and questions presented in the examples. Click on PLAY when you are ready.

Key expressions in the conversation:
1. En buen sentido means “In a good sense”
2. Sin ofender means “No offense”
3. De ahora en adelante means “From now on”

What’s your personality like? – ¿Cómo es tu personalidad?

It is time to test your listening comprehension of the content of the conversation about “rasgos de personalidad”. Listen to the conversation again and then choose the right answer for each question. You will get a tip every time you find a correct answer. Press “Start” to begin the quiz.
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Conversation Script: Describing personality in Spanish
Roger: Hola Cintia ¿Te gustó el tema de la clase de psicología de hoy?
Cintia: La verdad es que sí. La personalidad es un tema interesante. Hay muchos rasgos de personalidad diferentes
Roger: Cierto. ¿Cómo describirías tu personalidad?
Cintia: Buena pregunta… Yo creo que soy cuidadosa, optimista, alegre y práctica. Me gusta ayudar a otras personas, así que también soy generosa. Me gusta tener muchos amigos, así que también soy amistosa… ¿Qué opinas?
Roger: Es una buena descripción de tu personalidad. Pienso que también eres ambiciosa, en buen sentido, y muy creativa también.
Cintia: Vaya, esto es un tema interesante ¿Cómo eres tú?
Roger: Qué te digo… no sé, yo soy una persona serena y reservada la mayoría del tiempo. No me gusta ser pesimista y trato de ser activo e independiente. No soy aventurero ni odioso ¿Qué crees tú?
Cintia: Pues yo creo que eres muy inteligente, pero también eres malhumorado a veces sin ofender.
Roger: Esta bien… trataré de ser más simpático de ahora en adelante.

Listening Activity No. 2: My personality in Spanish – Mi personalidad

For the last activity, you will practice the sentence structure and questions we introduced in the lesson. It is also a great opportunity to practice by listening and check your progress in this skill with a short quiz. We hope you found the examples very useful and that you can use this knowledge as a basis to describe your personality in Spanish. Leave us a comment below if you have any suggestions. ¡Hasta pronto!

Listening quiz: Los rasgos de personalidad

Here are some simple questions and answers of people describing their personality Spanish. Listen to the audio and complete each mini-conversation below with what you hear. If you have doubts on how to write the words, check the conversations above. ¡Buena suerte!

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