La familia – Describing your family in Spanish

¡Hola! We have already covered a list of family members in a previous lesson and discussed a little about how to describe them using SER plus adjectives. There, we introduced most of the vocabulary needed to talk about LA FAMILIA. In this lesson, we will go a little deeper on this topic so that you learn the basics to describe your family in Spanish by using the verb SER and some common adjectives through some nice family descriptions and interactive quizzes. Let’s start…

La familia en español - cómo describir la familia en español con ejemplos y ejercicios de escucha
Describiendo a la familia en español

Introductory video: The family in Spanish – La familia

Let’s start by watching a short video to review the vocabulary for family members in Spanish. Pay attention to the vocabulary presented in the video, as well as some of the grammar rules that will be applied in the descriptions later. Remember that you can activate the subtitles if you need them.

Gender and plural of family members in Spanish

The gender and plural of nouns in Spanish

In order to describe your family in Spanish, first it’s necessary to understand that family members are common nouns, that is, they undergo changes of gender and number. As for grammatical gender, words that end in the letter -A such as “Mamá, Nieta, Hija” and “Abuela” are considered feminine nouns, whereas those that end in -O such as “Abuelo, Nieto, Hijo” and “Tío” are masculine nouns. Basically, if we make a simple change at the end of the word, we will have two words with different meanings. Interestingly, the word “papá” is an exception, and it is considered a masculine noun even though it ends in -A. The word “Papá” has the same meaning as “Padre”, but is a bit more informal than its counterpart.

As for their plural or singular forms, family members are common nouns, so they will change from singular to plural and vice versa. Generally, their plural form is created by adding -S or -ES to the nouns. You simply have to add -S when the noun ends in a vowel, such as NIETA → NIETAS, and -ES when it ends in a consonant.

Creating family relations in Spanish

Lastly, we will always use possessive adjectives like MI, TU, SUS, NUESTROS and others along with the vocabulary for family members. These words indicate possession, just like we would use MY, YOURS and so on from the English language, but in this case they show a relationship with another person. To put it differently, to say something like “My family in big”, we would use “Mi familia es grande” with the possessive adjective MI.

Describing your family in Spanish using SER and adjectives

Describing your family in Spanish is really easy as most of the time we will need only three things: a family member, the verb SER and an adjective in Spanish, that is words to describe personality or physical appearance. The subject goes first and then the verb SER, which will change to ES if the word is in singular form like MAMÁ and HERMANO as in “Mi mamá es…” and to SON if the word represents several people like PADRES and ABUELOS as in “Mis padres son..”. Similarly , the adjective will also take a singular form when describing a single person as in: “Mi mamá es amable” and a plural form when describing many people: “Mis abuelos son amables”. Before moving on, solve the exercises on the next grammar quiz.

Examples of family descriptions in Spanish

Mi familia es pequeña. Mi mamá se llama Ana. Ella es enfermera. Mi mamá es muy amable e inteligente. Tengo dos hermanos. Mi hermano se llama Alan. Él es muy alegre. Es alto. Yo soy bajo. Mi hermana es bonita. Mi papá es muy trabajador. Mis abuelos son divertidos y nos quieren mucho. Somos una familia feliz.

Read translation: My family in Spanish

My family is small. My mother’s name is Ana. She is a nurse. My mother is very kind and intelligent. I have two brothers. My brother’s name is Alan. He is very cheerful. He is tall. I’m short. My sister is pretty and my dad is hard-working. My grandparents are fun and they love us very much. We are a happy family.

Mi familia es grande. Vivo con mis padres. Mi mamá es empresaria y mi papá trabaja en un banco. Tengo dos hermanas, Alicia y Mercedes. También tengo dos hermanos, Javier y Hernán. Todos nos llevamos muy bien. Alicia es la mayor de todos. Ella es inteligente y le gusta leer libros. Mercedes es la menor y le gusta ver televisión. Javier es necio y a veces es travieso. Javier es un buen niño. A Hernán le gustan los deportes y él es muy chistoso. Yo soy alto y creativo. Nosotros visitamos a nuestros tíos y a nuestros primos a veces. En vacaciones vemos a los abuelos. Ellos son estrictos y muy amables.

Read translation: My family in Spanish

My family is big. I live with my parents. My mother is a businesswoman and my father works in a bank. I have two sisters, Alicia and Mercedes. I also have two brothers, Javier and Hernán. We all get along very well. Alicia is the eldest. She is intelligent and likes to read books. Mercedes is the youngest and likes to watch TV. Javier is stubborn and sometimes naughty. Javier is a good boy. Hernán likes sports and he is very funny. I am tall and creative. We visit our uncles and our cousins at times. On vacations we see the grandparents. They are strict but very friendly.

Listening Activity: Talking about my family in Spanish – Hablando de mi familia

Listen to the following conversation between a child and his mother who are describing their family in Spanish. Try to listen to the expressions and questions we used in the descriptions before. While listening, please take notes of the most important details, so you can solve the interactive quiz about it.

Key expressions in the conversation:
1. “¿Puedes ayudarme con…?” means “Can you help me with…?”
2. “¿De qué se trata la tarea?” means “What is the homework about?”

Listening Quiz: Talking about my family in Spanish

This short quiz will test your listening comprehension of the conversation about the family in Spanish you just listened to. Read the questions carefully and listen again if you are not sure about the answers. Press START to begin the quiz.
Start
Congratulations - you have completed Listening Quiz: Talking about my family in Spanish.You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%.We recommend you to %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Return
Shaded items are complete.
12345
End
Return
Read conversation script: Talking about family in Spanish
  • Carlos: ¡Mamá! ¿Puedes ayudarme con la tarea?
  • María: Claro Carlos. ¿De qué se trata la tarea?
  • Carlos: Bueno, debo describir a nuestra familia.
  • María: Suena divertido. Bien ¿Cómo es tu papá?
  • Carlos: Mi papá es muy trabajador, amable y bueno porque siempre ayuda a otros.
  • María: ¡Muy bien! Escribe eso… ahora ¿Cómo son tus hermanos?
  • Carlos: Mi hermana es una bebe muy bonita y juguetona, y mi hermano es inteligente y creativo.
  • María: aja… y ¿Cómo son tus abuelos?
  • Carlos: Mi abuelita es muy linda y mi abuelito es energético y estricto, y los quiero mucho a los dos.
  • María: ¿y qué me puedes decir de tus tíos?
  • Carlos: Mi tía es muy buena cocinando y mi tío es un Doctor muy bueno… me gusta jugar con sus hijos…
  • María: Es cierto… no nos olvidemos de tus primos.
  • Carlos: Si, ellos son algo traviesos pero también son muy divertidos… ¿y tú mamá? Tú eres muy amable y cuidadosa con todos nosotros…

Application: Writing about my family in Spanish

Write a 100-word paragraph “describing your family in Spanish.” You can use the examples in this lesson or parts of the listening activity to get some ideas. Then, read your paragraph to a native speaker to get feedback on your writing, pronunciation, and mastery of the topic. ¡Hasta la próxima!

Related Spanish Worksheets:

  1. Family Tree in Spanish: PDF Worksheet (Vocabulary)
  2. Questions about the Family in Spanish: PDF Worksheet (Speaking)
  3. Making Questions in Spanish – PDF Worksheet (Speaking)
  4. Family Relationships in Spanish – PDF Worksheet (Reading)
  5. Writing Physical Descriptions in Spanish – PDF Worksheet (Writing)

12 Comments

  1. I learned that the people in our families are used in day today conversations and are essential to knowing and using the Spanish language.

Leave a comment - Déjanos un comentario