Common Spanish phrases and questions for basic conversations

June 11, 2013 Alex

A basic conversation in Spanish (una conversación simple) may include greetings, sometimes a simple introduction, numbers, countries and more. In this lesson you will learn some common expressions and questions about different topics that you will often hear in basic conversations in Spanish. We have included a short video, several examples of sentences and dialogues for you to listen and learn new expressions. This lesson will wrap up many important basic questions and phrases in the language. Let’s start…

Introductory video: Basic Spanish phrases and questions

We will ask you first to watch a short video showing some everyday expressions and questions such as ¿DÓNDE VIVES? (Where do you live?), ¿DE DÓNDE ERES? (Where are you from?) and some others. This is a summary of the ones we consider very important to hold simple a conversation in Spanish. Do not worry if you can not remember them all as we will see them again later. Please activate the subtitles (cc) if you need them.

Questions & phrases for simple conversations in Spanish (examples + audio)

The chart below is a compilation of some important questions in Spanish with their possible answers. They include how to ask for people’s age, how to say where someone lives, what they do and a few other things. In real scenarios, you can modify the questions in the list by replacing the personal pronoun for a more formal one. You can follow the links in the examples to go to the main lesson and get more details.

Common basic conversation questions and expressions in Spanish
Bienvenido a mi nueva casa
Welcome to my new house
¿Dónde vives (tú)? – (Yo) vivo en California
Where do you live? – I live in California
¿Cuántos años tienes (tú)? – (Yo) tengo 24 años, ¿y tú?
How old are you? – I am 24 years old, and you?
¿Dónde naciste (tú)? – (Yo) nací en Texas
Where were you born? – I was born in Texas
¿De dónde eres (tú)? – (Yo) soy de Nicaragua
Where are you from? – I am from Nicaragua
¿(Usted) es casado o soltero? – (Yo) soy soltero
Are you married or single? – I am single
¿(Usted) tiene hijos? – Sí/No
¿A qué te dedicas? – Soy doctor
What do you do? – I am a doctor
¿Cuál es tu color favorito? – El azul
¿Te gusta el fútbol? – Si me gusta
Do you like football? – Yes, I do
Gracias por venir hoy – Gracias a ti.
Thanks for coming today – Thank you!

Some examples of simple conversations in Spanish (script + audio)

Here are some examples of basic conversations in Spanish in different situations using most of the expressions and questions presented before plus a few others. We included the English translation and the original script so you can follow the audio more easily.

Examples of basic conversations in Spanish
Alí: ¡Buenos días! Vengo a la entrevista de trabajo…
Heidi: Si claro, siéntese por favor
Alí: Gracias
Heidi: Bien ¿Cúal es su nombre?
Alí: Me llamo Alí Mendez
Heidi: ¿Dónde vive usted?
Alí: Vivo en la ciudad de San Diego
Heidi: ¿A qué se dedica?
Alí: Soy doctor. Trabajo medio tiempo en una clínica
Heidi: Bien, deme una copia de su hoja de vida y la revisaremos. Gracias por venir.
Alí: Gracias a usted.
Read translation
Ali: Good morning! I come for the job interview …
Heidi: Yes of course, please sit down
Ali: Thanks
Heidi: Well, what is your name?
Ali: My name is Ali Mendez
Heidi: Where do you live?
Ali: I live in the city of San Diego
Heidi: What do you do?
Ali: I’m a doctor. I am working part time in a clinic
Heidi: Okay, please give me a copy of your resume and we will review it. Thanks for coming.
Ali: Thank you.
Alí: ¡Hola Heidi! Entra por favor. Bienvenida a mi nueva casa
Heidi: ¡Gracias Alí! ¿Cómo estás?
Alí: Muy bien, gracias. Es una sorpresa verte. ¿Dónde vives ahora?
Heidi: Vivo en Los Ángeles.
Alí: Entiendo, pero ¿dónde naciste?
Heidi: Nací en Miami, pero me mudé a Los Ángeles hace 3 años…
Read translation
Ali: Hi Heidi! Please come in. Welcome to my new home
Heidi: Thank you Ali! How are you?
Ali: Very well, thank you. I am surprised to see you. Where do you live now?
Heidi: I live in Los Angeles.
Ali: I see. By the way, where were you born?
Heidi: I was born in Miami, but I moved to Los Angeles three years ago …
Alí: ¡Hola! Es una fila larga ¿verdad?
Heidi: Si, ya estoy cansada… ¿Cómo te llamas?
Alí: Soy Alí. Mucho gusto.
Heidi: Mi nombre es Heidi. ¿De dónde eres?
Alí: Soy de México, pero vivo aquí en los Estados Unidos
Heidi: Entiendo. Yo soy de Honduras. ¿Eres casado o soltero?
Alí: Estoy casado. Tengo dos hijos: un niño y una niña. ¿y tú?
Heidi: Yo soy soltera
Read translation
Ali: Hi! It is a long line, right?
Heidi: Yeah, I’m tired … What’s your name?
Ali: I’m Ali. Nice to meet you.
Heidi: My name is Heidi. Where are you from?
Ali: I’m from Mexico, but I live here in the United States
Heidi: I see. I’m from Honduras. Are you married or single?
Ali: I’m married. I have two children, a boy and a girl. And you?
Heidi: I’m single
Alí: ¡Hoy es mi cumpleaños!
Heidi: Felicidades. ¿Cuántos años tienes ya?
Alí: Tengo 25 años… Voy a celebrar mi cumpleaños con pastel y un partido de futbol ¿Te gusta el futbol?
Heidi: Si claro, me gusta mucho ver el mundial
Alí: uhmm.. una pregunta ¿Cuál es tu color favorito?
Heidi: Mi color favorito es el rojo…
Alí: Bien, entonces usaré una camisa roja hoy
Read translation
Ali: Today is my birthday!
Heidi: Congratulations. How old are you now?
Ali: I’m 25 years old … I will celebrate my birthday with cake and a football game. Do you like football?
Heidi: Yes of course, I like to see the world cup
Ali: uhmm .. I have a question What is your favorite color?
Heidi: My favorite color is red …
Ali: Well, then I’ll use a red shirt today

If you want to learn more about the way question work in Spanish and see more examples, check our lesson about questions in Spanish and their structure, which also includes lots of examples. Know that there are many other lessons related to this one in the basic Spanish lessons category

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