Writing and Saying the Months of the Year in Spanish

In the previous lesson, we learned the days of the week. In this one, we will learn how to write, pronounce and use the vocabulary for months of the year in Spanish. We prepared several basic conversations with some important questions and expressions using the months. You will also have the chance to practice listening and test yourself with two quizzes.  

Introductory video: The 12 months of the year in Spanish

First, we will watch a video including the twelve months of the year in Spanish. Each picture in the video includes an expression related to each month, some of which you will also see in the conversations later. Pay attention to the way the months are written and pronounced in Spanish, and make sure to stick until the end of the video so you can understand the rest of the lesson easily.

How to write and say the months of the year in Spanish

How to write the months in Spanish

The twelve months of the year in Spanish are: enero, febrero, marzo, abril, mayo, junio, julio, agosto, septiembre, octubre, noviembre y diciembre. As you can see, they are written similarly in both languages. Know that you should not capitalize months in Spanish unless they are the subject of the sentence, for example: “Enero es el primer mes del año” and “Estamos en enero”. Unlike days of the week, there is no need of articles like EL before months in Spanish.

“What month…?” in Spanish

There are several possible questions regarding months in Spanish. Some important questions we often ask about months are: ¿Qué mes es este? (what month is this?), ¿Cuál es tu mes favorito? (what is your favorite month?) and ¿En que mes es + event? as in ¿En que mes es tu cumpleaños? (what month is your birthday?).  One of the most common ones is “¿En qué mes…?”, the equivalent to “what month…?” in Spanish. The preposition EN will be used before the word QUÉ in the question and we will need it for the answer as well, for example: “¿En qué mes es? – Es en enero”. Notice that SER will be the main verb to use. Listen to the first two conversations using months of the year in Spanish and identify other interesting questions and phrases.

Josie: ¿Cuántos meses hay en un año?
Alex: Un año tiene 12 meses
Josie: Veamos si sabes ¿Cuál es el primer mes del año?
Alex: Eso es fácil. Es enero.
Josie: How many months are there in a year?
Alex: A year has 12 months
Josie: Let’s see if you know. What’s the first month of the year?
Alex: That’s easy. It is January
Josie: ¿En qué mes es tu cumpleaños?
Alex: Buena pregunta. Es en Noviembre. ¿En que mes es el tuyo?
Josie: Es el próximo mes, en Agosto.
Josie: What month is your birthday?
Alex: Good question. It’s in November. What month is yours?
Josie: It’s next month, in August

“My favorite month…” in Spanish

In order to say the month we are in, we can use “Estamos en + mes” as in “Estamos en diciembre”. As you can see, the main verb in this phrase will be ESTAR and will be conjugated as ESTAMOS when refering to months. For the purpose of saying your favorite month in Spanish, you can use “Mi mes favorito es + mes” as in “Mi mes favorito es junio”. You can add a reason why you like a month using the word PORQUE as in “Mi mes favorito es junio porque llueve”. As you can see, the main verbs for all these expressions and questions are SER and ESTAR.

Another way to talk about the months of the year in Spanish is by using the phrases “El mes de…” (the month) or “Los meses de…” (the months). This is very useful when describing the weather or events in a particular month along with adjectives, for example: “El mes de junio es cálido” (June is warm) and “Las ofertas son en los meses de noviembre y diciembre” (the offers are in the months of November and December). Listen to two more conversations with the months of the year in Spanish and try to find other useful expressions.

Alex: Febrero es un mes muy helado ¿no crees?
Josie: Si, es bastante helado. Creo que el clima de mayo es mas agradable.
Alex: Junio y Julio son un poco calientes por aquí ¿verdad?
Josie: Si, así es. El clima es diferente todos los meses.
Alex: February is a very cold month. Don’t you think so?
Josie: Yes, it is. It’s pretty cold. The weather in May is nicer
Alex: June and July are a little hot here, aren’t they?
Josie: Yes, they are. The weather is different every month
Josie: ¿Cuál es tu mes favorito del año?
Alex: Mi mes favorito es Diciembre
¿Por qué?
Alex: Por la navidad. ¿Cuál es el tuyo?
Josie: Me gusta abril por las flores hermosas y octubre por las hojas de colores vistosos
Alex: Creo que cada mes del año tiene algo especial.
Josie: What is your favorite month of the year?
Alex: My favorite month is December
Josie: Why?
Alex: Because of Christmas. What’s yours?
Josie: I like April for the beautiful flowers and October for the leaves with vibrant colors
Alex: I think each month has something special

Listening Activity No. 1: Talking about months in Spanish

Listen to a conversation between two friends talking about months in Spanish. Take notes of the information you consider important and listen carefully to identify the phrases presented in the examples of conversations and the video, plus the ones below. Press PLAY to listen to the conversation.

Key expressions in the conversation:
1. ¡El tiempo vuela! means “Time flies!”
2. A propósito means “By the way”
3. ¿No crees que…? means “Don´t you think that….?”

Spanish listening quiz: Months of the year – Los meses del año

Listen to the conversation about months again and answer the questions presented in this short quiz. You will receive a tip every time you find a correct answer. Press START to begin.
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Conversation script: Los meses del año en español
Josie: ¡El tiempo vuela! Ya estamos en Junio.
Alex: Tienes razón Josie. Mayo terminó muy rápido. A propósito, ¿En que mes es tu cumpleaños?
Josie: Mi cumpleaños es en Diciembre ¿y el tuyo?
Alex: El mio es en Noviembre. Me gusta Noviembre. ¿Cuál es tu mes favorito Alex?
Josie: Mi mes favorito es julio porque puedo ir a la playa. También me gusta octubre por los colores de los árboles.
Alex: Octubre es un bonito mes. Marzo y abril son muy bonitos también.
Josie: Me encantan las flores hermosas de abril y el clima es agradable también.
Alex: ¿No crees que cada mes del año tiene algo especial?
Josie: Si claro.

Listening Activity No.2:  Practicing phrases with months in Spanish

Answer each question or complete the phrases about months in Spanish using the recordings in the quiz. Review the questions and answer them with your own information and then find a partner and ask him/her these questions. Please be careful with spelling when solving the quiz. By the way, we hope you found this lesson very useful. ¡Hasta pronto!

Lesson quiz: Los meses del año

This short quiz is aimed to help you review the vocabulary, key phrases and questions presented in this lesson. Press the button below to begin.


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