LA CASA is how we say the house in Spanish and a house usually has several habitaciones or rooms in Spanish. The question ¿Cómo es tu casa? often used to ask what your house is like in Spanish. It is always good to know how to describe rooms in Spanish and why not some parts of the house, even if it is not your own house (casa). In this lesson you will learn the most common Spanish adjectives and expressions we use to describe rooms and parts of a house in Spanish, as well as how to use HAY (there is/ there are in Spanish) to talk about the things in a specific place.
Common rooms and parts of the house in Spanish: pictures, sentences and video *
We will begin the lesson by learning some vocabulary. The picture below shows some basic rooms and parts of the house in Spanish. The words in pink are ADJETIVOS or adjective phrases like DE TEJAS (made with tiles). Notice how we use a different Spanish article (la, las, los…) depending on the gender of the noun we are referring to, for example: LA SALA and EL CUARTO. Click on the picture to enlarge it.
If you watched the picture, then the vocabulary in this video will be easier to understand. Apart from the vocabulary for the house in Spanish, the video also includes some important Spanish notes, expressions and questions you will not find in the rest of the lesson so try to stick until the end of the video. Please activate the English captions (cc) below if you need them.
It’s time to see the vocabulary for the house in Spanish in use in some sentences. Try to identify the rooms and parts of the house we have presented and how Spanish adjectives and definite articles are used and placed. The three main verbs in these examples will be HABER in its form HAY (there is/there are in Spanish), TENER (to have) and SER/ESTAR (to be). SER is the basic verb we use to describe things or people in Spanish. Press PLAY to listen to the examples.
|House||Casa||Yo tengo una casa grande.|
|Home||Hogar||Extraño mi hogar.|
|Room||Habitación||Esta casa tiene varias habitaciones.|
|The living room||La sala||La sala es muy espaciosa.|
|Bedroom||Cuarto/habitación||La habitación es grande.|
|Bathroom||(Cuarto de) baño||El baño está junto al cuarto.|
|Garage||Garaje||El garaje es pequeño.|
|Kitchen||Cocina||La cocina es de color verde.|
|Dining Room||Comedor||El comedor está en el piso de abajo.|
|Yard||Patio||El patio es espacioso.|
|Garden||Jardín||La casa tiene un jardín bonito.|
|Door||Puerta||Hay tres puertas en la casa.|
|Window||Ventana||Hay una ventana en la sala.|
|Stairs||Escaleras||Las escaleras son incomodas.|
|Floor||Piso||Hay juguetes sobre el piso.|
|Wall||Pared||Las paredes de esta habitación son rosadas.|
|Ceiling||Cielo raso||El cielo raso de esta casa es blanco.|
|Basement||Sótano||Hay un sótano en la casa.|
|Roof||Techo||El techo es de buena calidad.|
|First/second floor||Primer/segundo piso||Hay habitaciones en el segundo piso.|
|Hallway||Pasillo||El pasillo es angosto.|
How to use Hay (there is/there are) and Spanish adjectives to describe houses *
Let’s start with the basic way to describe a room in Spanish or any part of a house. Adjectives are always useful for this task. In real conversations, it is common to use Spanish adjectives like GRANDE (big), PEQUEÑO (small), ANGOSTO (narrow), CÓMODO (comfortable), INCÓMODO (uncomfortable), ESPACIOSO (spacious), FRESCO (fresh), CALIENTE (hot) y HELADO (cold). One of the main differences between English and Spanish adjectives is that we usually use adjectives after the noun we are describing, not before. For example, to say “I have a big house”, the right sentence is Yo tengo una casa grande not Yo tengo una grande casa. Another way to describe a room in Spanish is using the verb SER and the structure [Subject + verb + adjective] like in the sentence MI CASA ES GRANDE. Remember that using the right verb conjugation for each verb is very important to talk about rooms or any other objects in Spanish.
You may be wondering, what’s that HAY word at the beginning of some of the examples? Well, that’s how we say THERE IS and THERE ARE in Spanish. This word comes from the irregular verb HABER in Spanish. We could use HAY to refer to one object, Hay una puerta, or more than one object, Hay varias ventanas. It is commonly used with an indefinite article in Spanish (un, una, unas…) so make sure you can use these articles correctly in Spanish, but in the plural form we could use it with Spanish quantifiers like varios (several), muchos (many) and so on. If we want to describe just one object, we use the structure [Hay + un/una + object + preposition + el/la/las/los + room in Spanish] like in Hay una ventana en la sala. If we are talking in plural, we use the structure [Hay + objects + preposition + el/la/las/los + room] like in the sentences Hay ventanas en la sala.
Telling if we like or dislike a room Spanish as well as using the right prepositions are very important things too. Assuming that you already know that the basic structure to say I like in Spanish is ME GUSTA, we will only mention that you can use this structure to ask or say things like ¿Te gusta la casa? (Do you like the house), Me gustan las habitaciones (I like the rooms) and No me gusta el color (I don’t like the color). Spanish prepositions are also important to indicate what’s in or out a room in Spanish, as well as the position of UNA HABITACIÓN in relation to another, for example: La sala está junto a la cocina (The living room is next to the kitchen) and El baño está en medio de las habitaciones (The bathroom is between the rooms). Remember to use the verb ESTAR not SER for locations.
Conversation in Spanish: Do you like the house? – ¿Le gusta la casa? *
- “¿Qué le/te parece?” means “What do you think about it?”
- “¡Eso me gusta!” means “I like that!”
¡Comprando una casa! -> Buying a house in Spanish
Congratulations - you have completed ¡Comprando una casa! -> Buying a house in Spanish.
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Spanish Practice: Completing a house description in Spanish *
A quiz about houses in Spanish -> “Describiendo las casas de América Latina”
Write a paragraph describing your own house in Spanish and say what you like and dislike about it.