“La casa” is how we say the house in Spanish and “una casa” usually has several habitaciones or rooms in Spanish. Have you ever heard the question ¿Cómo es tu casa? Well, this is a common question to ask what your house is like in Spanish. It is always good to know how to describe rooms in Spanish and why not some parts of the house, even if it is not your own house (casa). In this lesson you will learn the most common Spanish adjectives and expressions to talk about rooms and parts of the house in Spanish, as well as how to use the verb “Haber” (there is/ there are) to talk about the things in a specific place.
Spanish Vocabulary: Rooms and parts of the house in Spanish.
First, the house is called “La casa” in Spanish and “una casa” usually have several “habitaciones” or rooms where we usually spend time listening to music, sleeping or doing lots of different activities. The following picture shows some basic rooms in Spanish as well as other spaces we can find “en un casa”. There are some interesting sentences talking about each space or room in Spanish with some grammar structures we have presented in previous Spanish lessons. The words in pink are “adjetivos” or expressions that work as adjectives in Spanish like “de tejas” (made with tiles). Notice how we use a different Spanish article (la, las, los…) depending on the gender of the thing it is modifying, for example: “La sala” and “El cuarto”. Click on the picture to enlarge it.
The following list shows “las habitaciones y partes de la casa” that we could see in the picture and some more, plus several examples using these parts of the house and rooms in Spanish. Try to identify the Spanish adjectives in some of the sentences and the article that corresponds to each noun. The three main verbs in these examples will be “Haber” in his Spanish form “Hay” meaning “there is” and “there are”, “tener” (to have) and “ser/estar” (to be) which is the basic verb we use to describe things or people in Spanish. Press “Play” to listen to the examples.
|House||Casa||Yo tengo una casa grande.|
|Home||Hogar||Extraño mi hogar.|
|Room||Habitación||Esta casa tiene varias habitaciones.|
|The living room||La sala||La sala es muy espaciosa.|
|Bedroom||Cuarto/habitación||La habitación es grande.|
|Bathroom||(Cuarto de) baño||El baño está junto al cuarto.|
|Garage||Garaje||El garaje es pequeño.|
|Kitchen||Cocina||La cocina es de color verde.|
|Dining Room||Comedor||El comedor está en el piso de abajo.|
|Yard||Patio||El patio es espacioso.|
|Garden||Jardín||La casa tiene un jardín bonito.|
|Door||Puerta||Hay tres puertas en la casa.|
|Window||Ventana||Hay una ventana en la sala.|
|Stairs||Escaleras||Las escaleras son incomodas.|
|Floor||Piso||Hay juguetes sobre el piso.|
|Wall||Pared||Las paredes de esta habitación son rosadas.|
|Ceiling||Cielo raso||El cielo raso de esta casa es blanco.|
|Basement||Sótano||Hay un sótano en la casa.|
|Roof||Techo||El techo es de buena calidad.|
|First/second floor||Primer/segundo piso||Hay habitaciones en el segundo piso.|
|Hallway||Pasillo||El pasillo es angosto.|
Spanish grammar: Hay in Spanish and adjectives to describe houses.
These are some essential grammar points that we can learn from the examples in the vocabulary section:
- Let’s start with the basic way to describe a room in Spanish or any part of a house. Adjectives are always useful for this task. In real conversations, it is common to use Spanish adjectives like “grande” (big), “pequeño”(small), “angosto”(narrow), “cómodo”(comfortable), “incómodo”(uncomfortable), “espacioso”(spacious), “fresco” (fresh), “caliente” (hot) y “helado”(cold). One of the main differences between English and Spanish adjectives is that we usually use adjectives after the noun we are describing, not before. For example, to say “I have a big house”, the right sentence is “Yo tengo una casa grande” not “Yo tengo una grande casa”. Another way to describe a room in Spanish is using the verb “ser” and the structure [Subject + verb + adjective] like in the sentences “Mi casa es grande” and “La sala luce espaciosa”. Remember that using the right verb conjugation for each verb is very important to talk about rooms or any other objects in Spanish.
- You may be wondering, what’s that “hay” word at the beginning of some of the examples? Well, that’s how we say “There is” and “there are” in Spanish. This word comes from the irregular verb “haber” in Spanish. We could use “hay” to refer to one object, “Hay una puerta”, or more than one object, “Hay varias ventanas”. It is commonly used with an indefinite article in Spanish (un, una, unas…) so make sure you can use these articles correctly in Spanish, but in the plural form we could use it with Spanish quantifiers like varios (several), muchos (many) and so on. If we want to describe just one object, we use the structure [Hay + un/una + object + preposition + el/la/las/los + room in Spanish] like in “Hay una ventana en la sala”. If we are talking in plural, we use the structure “Hay + objects + preposition + el/la/las/los + room” like in the sentences “Hay ventanas en la sala”.
- Telling if we like or dislike a room Spanish as well as using the right prepositions are very important things too. Assuming that you already know that the basic structure to say “I like” in Spanish is “Me gusta”, we will only mention that you can use this structure to ask or say things like “¿Te gusta la casa?” (Do you like the house), “Me gustan las habitaciones” (I like the rooms) and “No me gusta el color” (I don’t like the color). Spanish prepositions are also important to indicate what’s in or out a room in Spanish, as well as the position of “una habitación” in relation to another, for example: “La sala está junto a la cocina” (The living room is next to the kitchen) and “El baño está en medio de las habitaciones” (The bathroom is between the rooms). Remember to use the verb “estar” not “ser” in this type of Spanish sentences.
Spanish Listening: “Comprando una casa”
- “¿Qué le/te parece?” means “What do you think about it?”
- “¡Eso me gusta!” means “I like that!”
¡Comprando una casa! -> Buying a house in Spanish
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Spanish Practice: Describing houses in Spanish
A quiz about houses in Spanish -> “Describiendo las casas de América Latina”
Write a paragraph describing your own house in Spanish and say what you like and dislike about it.