¿Cómo es tu casa? is often used to ask someone what his/her house is like in Spanish. Can you answer this question? If not then this lesson will help you do it and if you already can then stay around to learn a few new things. In this lesson you will learn the most common Spanish adjectives and expressions we use to describe rooms and parts of a house in Spanish using the verb SER. We will also talk a little about likes and dislike in Spanish.
La casa – Common rooms and parts of the house in Spanish
The picture below shows some basic rooms and parts of the house in Spanish as way to review some of the vocabulary that has been covered in the complementary lesson about this topic. The words in pink are adjectives in Spanish or adjective phrases in some cases. LOS ADJETIVOS are words we use to describe things or people like BONITO (beautiful) and DE TEJAS (made with tiles). The examples in the picture make use of the verbs HABER, TENER and ESTAR that are covered in the complementary lesson as well so if you time please check that one before moving on as it explains some basic things you need to know when using rooms and parts of the house in Spanish.
How to make sentences to describe rooms and parts of a house in Spanish
Let’s start with the basic way to describe a room in Spanish or any part of a house. Adjectives are always useful for this task. In real conversations, it is common to use Spanish adjectives like GRANDE (big), PEQUEÑO (small), ANGOSTO (narrow), CÓMODO (comfortable), INCÓMODO (uncomfortable), ESPACIOSO (spacious), FRESCO (fresh), CALIENTE (hot) y HELADO (cold). One of the main differences between English and Spanish adjectives is that we commonly use adjectives after the noun we are describing, not before. For example, to say “I have a big house”, we should use the verb TENER and say “Yo tengo una casa grande” not Yo tengo una grande casa. In this case grande is the Spanish adjective describing “la casa”.
Probably, one the simplest way to describe anything in Spanish including the house is using the verb SER (a form of to be in Spanish) and the structure [Subject + verb + adjective]. SER is an irregular verb so it is used in its form ES for a subject in singular form like CUARTO and SON for a subject in plural form like CUARTOS. Some sentences using SER are: “La casa es pequeña” (the house is small) and “La sala es cómoda” (the house). Another way to describe something is using the verb LUCIR (to look) so for a single object we would say LUCE and for several LUCEN as in “La casa luce pequeña” (the house looks small). It is important to mention that in descriptions we will also find the verbs HAY and TENER to say what things a room has inside and the verb ESTAR to say where rooms or parts of the house are located.
It is time to see how all these things work together in real descriptions through two examples in Spanish:
|Descriptions of houses in Spanish|
Yo tengo una casa pequeña. Hay cuatro cuartos, una sala, una cocina y cuatro baños. Los baños son pequeños. La sala es espaciosa. La sala tiene un televisor grande y muchos objetos más. La cocina luce pequeña pero en realidad es grande. La cocina está junto a la sala. Cada cuarto tiene baño y una ventana. Hay un pasillo pero es angosto. Me gustan la sala y la cocina de la casa.
I have a small house. There are four bedrooms, a living room, a kitchen and four bathrooms. The bathrooms are small. The living room is spacious. The room has a large TV and many more objects. The kitchen looks small but is actually big. The kitchen is next to the living room. Each room has a bathroom and a window. There is a hall but it is narrow. I like the living room and the kitchen of the house.
Casa en venta.
Vendemos una casa. Tiene 6 habitaciones en el primer piso y 6 habitaciones en el segundo. Tiene garaje y sótano. Hay un jardín en frente. La casa tiene varias ventanas, es cómoda, espaciosa y fresca. Los baños, el techo, las paredes y todas las partes de la casa están en buen estado. La sala tiene una chimenea para que la casa se caliente durante el invierno. La casa luce antigua pero está muy bien cuidada. Hay suficiente espacio para construir aún más. Es bonita y ubicada en un lugar seguro.
Translation:House on sale
We are selling a house. It has 6 rooms on the first floor and six rooms on the second. It has garage and basement. There is a garden in front. The house has several windows, it is comfortable, spacious and cool. The bathrooms, ceiling, walls and all parts of the house are in good condition. The living room has a fireplace to warm the house in winter. The house looks old but is well maintained. There is enough space to build further. It is beautiful and located in a safe place.
Conversation in Spanish: Do you like the house? – ¿Le gusta la casa?
- “¿Qué le/te parece?” means “What do you think about it?”
- “¡Eso me gusta!” means “I like that!”
¡Comprando una casa! -> Buying a house in Spanish
Congratulations - you have completed ¡Comprando una casa! -> Buying a house in Spanish.
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Spanish Practice: Completing a house description in Spanish
A quiz about houses in Spanish -> “Describiendo las casas de América Latina”
Write a paragraph describing your own house in Spanish and say what you like and dislike about it.