Describing a house in Spanish with SER and adjectives

In the previous lesson we covered the most common vocabulary for rooms and parts of the house in Spanish, as well as how to use the verbs HABER, TENER and ESTAR.  In this lesson we will go deeper on how to use the Spanish verb SER plus common adjectives to answer the question ¿Cómo es tu casa?, which is often used to ask someone what his/her house looks like in Spanish. We will also talk a little about likes and dislike in Spanish, this time applied to the things we like or dislike about a house in Spanish. Let’s begin…

La casa – Common rooms and parts of the house in Spanish

The picture below shows some basic rooms and parts of the house in Spanish as way to review some of the vocabulary. The words in pink are adjectives in Spanish or adjective phrases in some cases. LOS ADJETIVOS are words we use to describe things or people like BONITO (beautiful) and DE TEJAS (made with tiles). The examples in the picture make use of the verbs HABER, TENER and ESTAR that are covered in the complementary lesson as well so if you time please check that one before moving on as it explains some basic things you need to know when using rooms and parts of the house in Spanish.

Common rooms and parts of the house in Spanish

The house in Spanish

Vocabulary quiz: Rooms and parts of the house in Spanish

It is time to test how many words you know for the vocabulary for rooms and parts of the house in Spanish. The quiz is really simple and nice way to help you remember the new words.

How to make sentences to describe rooms and parts of a house in Spanish

Let’s start with the basic way to describe a room in Spanish or any part of a house. Adjectives are always useful for this task. In real conversations, it is common to use Spanish adjectives like GRANDE (big), PEQUEÑO (small), ANGOSTO (narrow), CÓMODO (comfortable), INCÓMODO (uncomfortable), ESPACIOSO (spacious), FRESCO (fresh), CALIENTE (hot) y HELADO (cold). One of the main differences between English and Spanish adjectives is that we commonly use adjectives after the noun we are describing, not before. For example, to say “I have a big house”, we should use the verb TENER and say “Yo tengo una casa grande” not Yo tengo una grande casa. In this case grande is the Spanish adjective describing “la casa”.

Probably, one the simplest way to describe anything in Spanish including the house is using the verb SER (a form of to be in Spanish) and the structure [Subject + verb + adjective]. SER is an irregular verb so it is used in its form ES for a subject in singular form like CUARTO and SON for a subject in plural form like CUARTOS. Some sentences using SER are: “La casa es pequeña” (the house is small) and “La sala es cómoda” (the house). Another way to describe something is using the verb LUCIR (to look) so for a single object we would say LUCE and for several LUCEN as in “La casa luce pequeña” (the house looks small). It is important to mention that in descriptions we will also find the verbs HAY and TENER to say what things a room has inside and the verb ESTAR to say where rooms or parts of the house are located.

It is time to see how all these things work together in real descriptions through two examples in Spanish:

Descriptions of houses in Spanish
Yo tengo una casa pequeña. Hay cuatro cuartos, una sala, una cocina y cuatro baños. Los baños son pequeños. La sala es espaciosa. La sala tiene un televisor grande y muchos objetos más. La cocina luce pequeña pero en realidad es grande. La cocina está junto a la sala. Cada cuarto tiene baño y una ventana. Hay un pasillo pero es angosto. Me gustan la sala y la cocina de la casa.
Translation:
I have a small house. There are four bedrooms, a living room, a kitchen and four bathrooms. The bathrooms are small. The living room is spacious. The room has a large TV and many more objects. The kitchen looks small but is actually big. The kitchen is next to the living room. Each room has a bathroom and a window. There is a hall but it is narrow. I like the living room and the kitchen of the house.
Casa en venta.
Vendemos una casa. Tiene 6 habitaciones en el primer piso y 6 habitaciones en el segundo. Tiene garaje y sótano. Hay un jardín en frente. La casa tiene varias ventanas, es cómoda, espaciosa y fresca. Los baños, el techo, las paredes y todas las partes de la casa están en buen estado. La sala tiene una chimenea para que la casa se caliente durante el invierno. La casa luce antigua pero está muy bien cuidada. Hay suficiente espacio para construir aún más. Es bonita y ubicada en un lugar seguro.
Translation:House on sale
We are selling a house. It has 6 rooms on the first floor and six rooms on the second. It has garage and basement. There is a garden in front. The house has several windows, it is comfortable, spacious and cool. The bathrooms, ceiling, walls and all parts of the house are in good condition. The living room has a fireplace to warm the house in winter. The house looks old but is well maintained. There is enough space to build further. It is beautiful and located in a safe place.

Conversation in Spanish: Do you like the house? – ¿Le gusta la casa?

Listen to a conversation between a realtor and a woman about a house in Spanish. Take notes of the most important details so you can solve the Spanish interactive quiz about the conversation.

Useful Expressions:

  1. “¿Qué le/te parece?” means “What do you think about it?”
  2. “¡Eso me gusta!” means “I like that!”

¡Comprando una casa! -> Buying a house in Spanish

Here are several questions related to the content of the conversation about rooms and parts of the house in Spanish you just listened to. Each time you find a right answer, you will get a useful tip telling you why that is the right answer. Press “START” to begin the Spanish listening comprehension quiz.
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Congratulations - you have completed ¡Comprando una casa! -> Buying a house in Spanish.

You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%.

We recommend you to %%RATING%%


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Conversation Script: Hobbies in Spanish
Marcos: ¡Hola Sra. López! Usted está interesada en comprar esta casa ¿verdad?
Sra. López: Si, así es. ¿Me podría mostrar todas las habitaciones?
Marcos: Claro que sí. Comenzaremos por el piso de abajo… Esta es la sala. ¿Qué le parece?
Sra. López: Es muy espaciosa y luce cómoda también.
Marcos: La cocina está junto a la sala, es grande y tiene una ventana hacia el patio.
Sra. López: ¡Eso me gusta! La puerta de la cocina a la sala es ancha. ¿Qué hay al fondo?
Marcos: Ese es el patio. Usted puede crear un lindo jardín en ese lugar.
Sra. López: Si, es una buena idea. ¿Qué hay en el segundo piso?
Marcos: Hay tres habitaciones, cada una con un baño. En la planta de abajo también hay un garaje.
Sra. López: ¡Qué bueno! Me gusta el cielo raso, el color de la casa, el techo y todas las habitaciones. Creo que este es nuestro nuevo hogar ahora.

Spanish Practice: Completing a house description in Spanish

A quiz about houses in Spanish -> “Describiendo las casas de América Latina”

The following sentences are part of a text describing the main features of the old houses in Latin America. Complete each sentence with the right phrase in Spanish, applying the rules we learned in this Spanish lesson.
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Congratulations - you have completed A quiz about houses in Spanish -> “Describiendo las casas de América Latina”.You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%.We recommend you to %%RATING%%
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Write a paragraph describing your own house in Spanish and say what you like and dislike about it.


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