Describing a house in Spanish with SER and adjectives

December 14, 2012 Alex

Hola and welcome again! In our previous lesson we covered the most common vocabulary for rooms and parts of the house, “habitaciones y partes de la casa”, as well as how to use the verbs HABER, TENER and ESTAR.  In this lesson we will learn more about how to use SER plus common adjectives to make gramatically correct sentences and paragraphs to describe a house in Spanish and the rooms or areas it has. Apart from reviewing the verbs and vocabulary for this topic, we will also talk a little about Spanish likes, this time applied to the things we like or dislike about a house in Spanish. Let’s begin…

La casa – Vocabulary for rooms and parts of the house in Spanish

First of all, we will review the vocabulary related to rooms and parts of the house in Spanish by looking at the picture below. The words in pink are adjectives or adjective phrases in some cases. LOS ADJETIVOS are words we use to describe things or people like BONITO (beautiful) and DE TEJAS (made with tiles). The examples in the picture make use of the verbs HABER, TENER and ESTAR which were covered in the previous lesson as well.

House vocabulary Spanish - Names of rooms and areas at home

Partes de la casa y habitaciones en español

Vocabulary quiz: Rooms and parts of the house in Spanish

It is time to test how many words you know for the vocabulary for rooms and parts of the house in Spanish. The quiz is really simple and nice way to help you remember the new words.

How to describe a house in Spanish: SER with adjectives

Let’s start with the basic way to describe a house in Spanish and the rooms that are part of it. In order to describe objects in the language, it is common to use Spanish adjectives like GRANDE (big), PEQUEÑO (small), ANGOSTO (narrow), CÓMODO (comfortable), INCÓMODO (uncomfortable), ESPACIOSO (spacious), FRESCO (fresh), CALIENTE (hot) y HELADO (cold). One of the main differences compared to English adjectives is that we normally use “los adjetivos” after the noun we are describing, not before. For example, to say “I have a big house”, we should use the verb TENER and say “Yo tengo una casa grande” not Yo tengo una grande casa. In this case the word GRANDE is describing the noun for house in Spanish (CASA).

One of the simplest way to describe things, particularly for describing a house in Spanish is by using  the verb SER (a form of to be) and the grammatical structures:

Subject + verb + adjective e.g. La casa es hermosa.
Pronoun + verb + noun + adjective e.g. Esta es una casa hermosa.

SER is an irregular verb so it is used in its form ES for a single object like CUARTO and SON when referring to several objects like CUARTOS. Some sentences using SER are: “La casa es pequeña” (the house is small) and “La sala es cómoda” (the house). Another way to describe rooms or parts of the house in Spanish by is using the verb LUCIR (to look) so for a single object we would say LUCE and for several LUCEN as in “La casa luce pequeña” (the house looks small). It is important to mention that in a regular house description in Spanish, we will also find the verbs HAY and TENER to say what things a room has inside and the verb ESTAR to say where rooms or parts of the house are located.

It is time to see how all these things work together in real descriptions.  Some of the sentences in these paragraphs will be using “Me gusta + an object” to say what someone likes and “No me gusta + an object” for the opposite.

Descriptions of rooms and parts of a house in Spanish
Yo tengo una casa pequeña. Hay cuatro cuartos, una sala, una cocina y cuatro baños. Los baños son pequeños. La sala es espaciosa. La sala tiene un televisor grande y muchos objetos más. La cocina luce pequeña pero en realidad es grande. La cocina está junto a la sala. Cada cuarto tiene baño y una ventana. Hay un pasillo pero es angosto. Me gustan la sala y la cocina de la casa.
Translation for house description in Spanish
I have a small house. There are four bedrooms, a living room, a kitchen and four bathrooms. The bathrooms are small. The living room is spacious. The room has a large TV and many more objects. The kitchen looks small but is actually big. The kitchen is next to the living room. Each room has a bathroom and a window. There is a hall but it is narrow. I like the living room and the kitchen of the house.
Casa en venta.
Vendemos una casa. Tiene 6 habitaciones en el primer piso y 6 habitaciones en el segundo. Tiene garaje y sótano. Hay un jardín en frente. La casa tiene varias ventanas, es cómoda, espaciosa y fresca. Los baños, el techo, las paredes y todas las partes de la casa están en buen estado. La sala tiene una chimenea para que la casa se caliente durante el invierno. La casa luce antigua pero está muy bien cuidada. Hay suficiente espacio para construir aún más. Es bonita y ubicada en un lugar seguro.
Translation for house description in Spanish
House on sale
We are selling a house. It has 6 rooms on the first floor and six rooms on the second. It has garage and basement. There is a garden in front. The house has several windows, it is comfortable, spacious and cool. The bathrooms, ceiling, walls and all parts of the house are in good condition. The living room has a fireplace to warm the house in winter. The house looks old but is well maintained. There is enough space to build further. It is beautiful and located in a safe place.

Spanish audio practice: Do you like the house? – ¿Le gusta la casa?

Listen to a conversation between a realtor and a woman about a house in Spanish. Take notes of the most important details so you can solve the quiz about the content of the conversation.

Key expressions in the conversation:

  1. ¿Qué le/te parece?” means “What do you think about it?”
  2. ¡Eso me gusta!” means “I like that!”

¡Comprando una casa! - Buying a house!

Here are several questions related to the content of the conversation about a house you just listened to. Each time you find a right answer, you will get an important tip. Press “START” to begin the quiz.
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Congratulations - you have completed ¡Comprando una casa! - Buying a house!.You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%.We recommend you to %%RATING%%
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Spanish audio Script: Buying a house - Comprando una casa
Marcos: ¡Hola Sra. López! Usted está interesada en comprar esta casa ¿verdad?
Sra. López: Si, así es. ¿Me podría mostrar todas las habitaciones?
Marcos: Claro que sí. Comenzaremos por el piso de abajo… Esta es la sala. ¿Qué le parece?
Sra. López: Es muy espaciosa y luce cómoda también.
Marcos: La cocina está junto a la sala, es grande y tiene una ventana hacia el patio.
Sra. López: ¡Eso me gusta! La puerta de la cocina a la sala es ancha. ¿Qué hay al fondo?
Marcos: Ese es el patio. Usted puede crear un lindo jardín en ese lugar.
Sra. López: Si, es una buena idea. ¿Qué hay en el segundo piso?
Marcos: Hay tres habitaciones, cada una con un baño. En la planta de abajo también hay un garaje.
Sra. López: ¡Qué bueno! Me gusta el cielo raso, el color de la casa, el techo y todas las habitaciones. Creo que este es nuestro nuevo hogar ahora.

Spanish practice and quiz: Completing a house description

Describiendo las casas de América Latina

The following sentences are part of a text describing the main features of the old houses in Latin America. Complete each sentence with the right phrase following the rules we covered in the lesson.
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Write a paragraph describing your house in Spanish and say what you like and dislike about it. Then compare your paragraph with the examples provided in this lesson. Thanks for joining us. 


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